Acidic mining lakes: acid mine drainage, limnology, and reclamation
Acidification is a universal problem at all mining sites in which oxygenated water comes in contact with sulfide minerals or other reduced sulfur compounds. An International Workshop was held in September 1995 at the Department for Inland Water Research of the UFZ-Centre for Environmental Research in Magdeburg on the limnology of lakes created by open-cast lignite mining, emphasizing the often observed geogenic acidification after oxidation of pyrite. The volume has 25 chapters including a chapter with results of group discussions about the topics mentioned above and further problems that were identified during the meeting. The monograph gives a baseline of the state of science on the worldwide problem of geogenic acidification of lakes following human mining activities.
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Natural and Anthropogenic Sulfuric Acidification of Lakes
Regional Geology of the Lignite Mining Districts
Chemical Characteristics of Water and Sediment
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acid mine drainage acidic lakes acidic mining lakes acidic water acidification acidophilic aerobic algae algal alkalinity aluminium anaerobic Anderson Lake anoxic aquatic bacteria biological biomass buffer Buttle Lake cells chemical Clear Lake coal concentrations constructed wetlands cores decrease deposits depth dissolved zinc dump substrates environment F-Loch Fe2+ Fe3+ ferric iron ferrooxidans ferrous flow Germany groundwater heterotrophic hydroxide hypolimnion increase interface Juncus bulbosus Lake Edelmann Lake Murner layers leaching lignite limestone manganese metals microbial mat minerals mining lake water Natural Sediments neutral nitrate overburden oxygen passive treatment peeper percolates pH values phytoplankton plankton pond pore water precipitation processes protozoa pyrite oxidation reaction removal rotifers sediments seepage water Senftenberg soil species Stumm sulfate reduction sulfate-reducing bacteria sulfide sulphate sulphide sulphur surface Table tailings Tertiary tion treatment systems water column water quality wetland Wheal Jane zinc zone zooplankton