Planning and Conducting Needs Assessments: A Practical Guide

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SAGE, Sep 7, 1995 - Business & Economics - 302 pages
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Despite the increasing necessity for needs assessments in a variety of fields, much confusion still prevails on how to conduct such assessments successfully. This book is a practical guide to that end.

The authors first introduce a three-phase model - preassessment, assessment and postassessment - to clarify the distinctions between the needs of primary service recipients and the people and resources that exist. They go on to describe methods appropriate for gathering data for assessing needs and for causal analysis. The presentation of the framework, the coverage of several approaches for analyzing data, the balanced description of qualitative and quantitative methodologies and the multiple case studies and

  

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Contents

A ThreePhase Model of Needs Assessment
3
Phase 1Preassessment
20
Managing the Preassessment Phase
26
Boundary Considerations for Phase 232
32
Conducting Needs Assessments in Different Contexts
61
Summary
73
Phase 3Postassessment
75
Techniques for Phase 389
89
General Issues for All Types of Surveys
151
The Community Forum
161
The Focus Group Interview
171
Combining Group Techniques
179
Summary
185
Electronic Groups
203
FutureOriented Needs Assessment Procedures
210
Causal Analysis
239

Summary
99
Unobtrusive Measures and Observations
107
Using Records in Cyclical Needs Assessments
116
Mapping and Indirect Estimation
124
Surveys Interviews and the Critical
128
Behaviorally Anchored Rating Scales
138
The Interview
145
Cause and Consequence Analysis
249
Applications of Causal Analysis
269
Postscript
275
References
285
About the Authors
301
Copyright

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About the author (1995)

(Deceased.) 

James W. Altschuld (PhD, MS, The Ohio State University (OSU); BS, Case Western Reserve University) is now Professor Emeritus in the College of Education and Human Ecology at OSU after 27 years of teaching research techniques and program evaluation. For the latter, he developed and taught a sequence of courses on theory, needs assessment, and design. He has authored or co-authored seven previous books—six were on needs assessment (four in the Needs Assessment Kit of 2010 and where he also served as editor for a fifth one), and one on the evaluation of science and technology education. In addition, he has written numerous articles and chapters on how to assess needs, as well as on evaluation research, practice, training, and credentialing/certification. He has  presented nationally and internationally for over 40 years, given many workshops, and has been the recipient of local, state, and national honors including the Alva and Gunnar Myrdal Practice Award from the American Evaluation Association for contributions to the field of evaluation.

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