Global Networks and Local Values:: A Comparative Look at Germany and the United States

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National Academies Press, Dec 31, 2001 - Computers - 260 pages
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Whether you call it the third wave, the information revolution, or the virtually connected world, the implications of a global information network are profound. As a society, we want to forestall the possible negative impacts without closing the door to the potential benefits. But how?

Global Networks and Local Values provides perspective and direction, focusing on the relationship between global information networks and local values-that is, the political, economic, and cultural norms that shape our daily lives. This book is structured around an illuminating comparison between U.S. and German approaches toward global communication and information flow. (The United States and Germany are selected as two industrialized, highly networked countries with significant social differences.)

Global Networks and Local Values captures the larger context of technology and culture, explores the political and commercial institutions where the global network functions, and highlights specific issues such as taxation, privacy, free speech, and more. The committee contrasts the technical uniformity that makes global communication possible with the diversity of the communities being served and explores the prospects that problems resulting from technology can be resolved by still more technology. This thoughtful volume will be of interest to everyone concerned about the social implications of the global Internet.

  

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Contents

Executive Summary
1
Introduction and Context
15
12 BACKGROUND
17
13 THIS STUDY
18
15 STRUCTURE OF THIS REPORT
22
The Evolution of Global Networks
23
22 EVOLUTION AND DESIGN OF GLOBAL TELECOMMUNICATIONS NETWORKS
26
23 THE VALUE DIMENSION OF NETWORKS
36
62 PRIVACY
135
63 FREEDOM OF INFORMATION
156
NOTE ADDED IN PROOF
169
The Impact of Global ECommerce on Local Values
170
72 COMMERCE AND VALUES
171
73 THE IMPACT OF ECOMMERCE ON LOCAL COMMERCIAL VALUES
173
74 EFFECTS ON LOCAL COMMERCIAL VALUES
177
75 THE IMPACT OF ECOMMERCE ON GLOBAL NETWORKS
185

TOWARD CONVERGENCE OR DIVERGENCE?
42
Understanding Local Values and How They Are Affected by Global Networks
46
32 ARE VALUES ALWAYS THE ISSUE?
48
33 THE FUNCTION OF VALUES
51
34 THE LOCALITY OF VALUES
58
35 THE LEGITIMACY OF VALUES
59
36 THE IMPACT OF GLOBAL NETWORKS ON VALUES
61
Democracy and Political Institutions
74
42 THE IMPACT OF THE INTERNET ON DEMOCRACY POLITICAL INSTITUTIONS AND POWER
75
43 CONSTITUTIONAL POLICY
97
Free Speech and the Internet
106
52 THE VALUES INVOLVED IN FREE SPEECH
107
53 COMMON AND DIFFERENT TRADITIONS AND THE INTERNET
108
54 OPERATIONALIZING THE REGULATORY GOAL
119
55 INTERNET CONTENT REGULATION AS A CHALLENGE TO GOVERNANCE
123
Privacy and Freedom of Information
133
76 THE IMPACT OF ECOMMERCE ON LOCAL SOCIAL AND POLITICAL VALUES
188
Governance in Cyberspace MultiLevel and MultiActor Constitutionalism
190
Information Networks and Culture
205
92 CULTURAL HEGEMONY
208
93 GLOBAL NETWORKS AND CLASS ISSUES
216
94 PUBLIC AND PRIVATE SPACES
218
95 GENERATIONAL PHENOMENA
221
Principles and Conclusions
224
102 DEMOCRACY
225
103 REGULATORY STRUCTURE
226
104 FREE SPEECH
227
105 PRIVACY
228
106 FREEDOM OF INFORMATION
229
108 CULTURE AND TECHNOLOGY
230
Biographies
233
Copyright

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