Foundations of anesthesia: basic sciences for clinical practice
118 international experts provide you with complete coverage of basic and clinical science in anesthesiology. They emphasize the principles and clinical applications of molecular and cell biology, physiology, pharmacology, and physics and measurement. Over 700 full-color illustrations and easy-to-read tables and graphs help you understand every detail.
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Foreword fin Chapter 15 Basic principles and limitations
Surinder PS Cheema
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acetylcholine acid action potential activity afferent afterload agents agonists alveolar analgesia analgesic anesthesia Anesthesiology arterial atrial axon binding block blood flow blood pressure Ca2+ cardiac output cause cell cerebral changes clinical clonidine concentration contractility coronary decrease depolarization desflurane diastolic dorsal horn dose drug effects electron enzyme Equation etomidate excitatory fentanyl fibers Figure frequency function GABAA receptors gene halothane heart increase induced inhibition inhibitors interactions intracellular intravenous ion channels ischemia isoflurane ketamine lung measured mechanisms mediated membrane metabolism mmHg modulation molecular molecules monitoring muscle myocardial Na+ channels nerve neuromuscular neurons neurotransmitter nitrous oxide NMDA receptors nociceptive nociceptors norepinephrine normal occurs opioid oxide oxygen pain partial pressure pathways patients perioperative peripheral pharmacokinetic phosphorylation plasma produce propofol pulmonary reduced release respiratory response result sensitivity sevoflurane signal solubility specific spinal cord stimulation structure subunit synaptic systolic target terminal tissue vascular venous ventilation ventricular vesicles volume