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almshouse Asiatic cholera atmosphere attacked with cholera August Board of Health Boston Broad-street building canal cause cellars Centre-street cholera patients cleaned clear cloudy collapse Committee condition contagion contagious deaths occurred December diarrhoea disease district drains Dysentery East East River emigrants endemic epidemic establishment existed exposed extending facts fair fatal favourable feet female fever filthy Five Points flat-boats hospital immediate influence inhabitants inmates intemperance July June labouring large number localities Louis Louisville Makers Syracuse malaria malignant Memphis miles month mortality Moyamensing negroes neighbourhood northern exposure nuisances number of deaths occupied Orleans Patapsco river persons physicians plantation pond population portion privies rain recovered remarks removed reported residence river sanitary season sick situated Sixteenth ward spread Spring Garden District Staten Island steamboats streets subsided suffered symptoms temperature Thibodaux town typhoid fever Usher Parsons variable vicinity visited weather week whole number yards York
Page 60 - With a very few exceptions, the disease was confined to un. healthy, ill ventilated and crowded localities. In nearly all these localities, an over-crowded population, bad ventilation, insufficient and unwholesome diet, intemperance, and the entire absence of cleanliness, have been the most efficient adjuvants in assisting the operation of other causes.
Page 62 - One cellar was reported by the police to be occupied nightly as a sleeping apartment, by thirty-nine persons. In another, the tide had risen so high that it was necessary to approach the bedside of a patient by means of a plank, which was laid from one stool to another ; while the dead body of an infant was actually sailing about the room in its coffin.
Page 63 - We would now refer to another subject which, in our view, also demands the attention and action of this Board. We allude to the very wretched, dirty and unhealthy condition of a great number of the dwelling-houses, occupied by the Irish population, in Batterymarch, Broad, Wharf, Wells, Bread, Oliver, Hamilton, Atkinson, Curve, Brighton, Cove, Ann, and other streets.
Page 93 - Does not this disease present itself as a teacher as well as a scourge ? Every one must admit the justice of the following observations of Professor Caldwell :— " Cholera, though a fatal scourge to the world, will, through the wise and beneficent dispensation under which we live, be productive of consequences favourable alike to science and humanity.
Page 46 - The plot of the city proper, forms a parallelogram of a mile in width, from north to south, and about two miles from east to west, or from river to river.
Page 18 - The rock, of which the subsoil is composed, forms a surface remarkable for its evenness; and the soil which it produces, as it crumbles under the action of the air, frost, and water, is peculiarly retentive of moisture. Ponds and slushes are abundant wherever the black slate constitutes the surface rock. The first houses erected at the fall, were built in the midst of ponds. Louisville, while it stood amid its ponds, was regarded as one of the most sickly towns in the Valley of the Mississippi. It...
Page 89 - The means of preventing them are as much under the power of human reason and industry as the means of preventing the evils of lightning and common fire. I am so satisfied of the truth of this opinion that I look for the time when our courts of law shall punish cities and villages for permitting any of the sources of malignant fevers to exist within their jurisdiction.
Page 63 - These houses, for the most part, are not occupied by a single family, or even by two or three families ; but each room, from garret to cellar, is filled with a family consisting of several persons, and sometimes with two or more families.
Page 19 - In a family consisting of 20 persons, 19 were sick at one time; and in some families every individual died. At this time only one street in Louisville was paved, and within its limits were at least eight ponds of greater or less dimensions, most of which, in the C3urse of the autumn, were dried up, exposing foul bottoms to the sun.
Page 64 - ... crowded with families, which lodge there and make them their sole place of abode. Besides a dwelling house, these places very generally serve the purposes of a grocery and vegetable shop ; and, not unfrequently, a groggery and dancing hall are added. As might be expected, intemperance, lewdness, riot and all the evil spirits to which poor humanity is at any time subject, enter in and dwell there. Few of the cellars have either drains or privies. Some of them are divided off into one or more rooms,...