Satire was a genre of poetry invented and developed by the Romans. When it came into Juvenal's hands, he stamped his mark upon it: indignation. His angry voice had an overwhelming influence upon later European satirists and persists in modern forms of satire. In this new commentary, Susanna Morton Braund situates Juvenal within the genre of satire and illuminates his appropriation of the 'grand style' of declamatory rhetoric and epic poetry for his indignant persona in Satires 1–5, including the notorious second Satire. The commentary on each of the Satires is followed by an essay which offers an interpretation of the poem, including a synthesis of recent critical thought. These essays, together with the overview in the Introduction, present the first integrated reading of Book I as an organic structure.
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3 The origins of Roman satire
4 Juvenals satire predecessors
5 Juvenals life
indignation rhetoric and epic
9 An overview of Book I
b Patrons and clients
c A day in the life?
e Running away from the city
g The power of food
11 Text and manuscripts
IVNII IVVENALIS SATVRARVM LIBER PRIMVS
ablative absolute Aeneas amicis anaphora anger atque attack behaviour Bona Dea Book Braund catalogue Catullus cena client condemnation consilium consul context contrast conveys corrupt Creticus Crispinus cuius Cybele denotes Domitian echoes effeminate emperor emphasises enjambment Ennius epic epic-style ergo evokes fish genre Gracchus Greek word haec hence homosexual Horace hypocritical illa indicates indignation ipse Juvenal Juvenal's Laronia lex Scantinia lines Lucilius Mart military mock-epic modo monstrum moral nemo noun nunc omnes omnia parody patron periphrasis Persius Petr phrase Plin plural poem poetry poor portrayed present puellae quae quam quid Quint Quintilian quis quod reference retiarius rhetorical rich Roman satire Rome Rudd sarcastic Satire satirists satura sexual Silv slave speaker speech sportula Stat Statius status Subura Suet suggests tamen theme tibi Trebius uiro Umbricius verb Virg Virro Vrbis