Early Warning Systems for Natural Disaster Reduction: With 79 Tables ; EWC '98 ; [this Volume is the Result of the International IDNDR-Conference on Early Warning Systems for the Reduction of Natural Disasters, Held at the Geo-Forschungszentrum in Potsdam, Germany from 7-11 September 1998.]

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Jochen Zschau, Andreas N. Küppers
Springer Science & Business Media, 2003 - Computers - 834 pages
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This book offers a comprehensive account of early warning systems developed for hydro-meteorological disasters such as floods, storms, etc. and for geological disasters such as earthquakes, volcanic activity or mountain hazards. One major theme is the increasingly important role in early warning systems played by the rapidly evolving fields of space and information technology. Based on 109 selected contributions by outstanding experts in the relevant scientific and technical fields, presented at the International IDNDR Conference: Early Warning Systems for Natural Disaster Reduction (EWC8) at the GeoForschungsZentrum, Potsdam, Germany, the authors offer a comprehensive overview and in-depth insight into the state of the art and future perspectives for early warning systems. This book is intended for decision-makers in the political arena, scientists, engineers and those responsible for public communication and dissemination of warnings.
  

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Contents

Bringing Early Warning to the People Public and Partnership Responsibilities for Early Warning
13
Early Warning Systems for the Reduction of Natural Disasters in China
15
The Human Factor in Early Warnings Risk Perception and Appropriate Communications
19
Scientific Contributions to Effective Early Warning in an Environmental Context
27
Natural Disaster Early Warning The Role of NGOs
33
Community Mobilisation for Early Warning in the Philippines
37
Disaster Management and Cyclone Warning System in Bangladesh
49
Early Warning and Public Communication
65
UrEDAS The Early Warning System for Mitigation of Disasters Caused by Earthquakes and Tsunamis
453
On the Establishment of an Automatic Earthquake Information Broadcast System in Taiwan
461
European Warning System
465
25 Seconds for Bucharest
471
Early Warning Success for the 1976 Tangshan Earthquake A Best Practice Integrating Public Administration and Science
479
Predictions and Social Response Capacities in Face of the 1995 Menglian Earthquake M An Overview 73
481
Project of Creation of an Earthquake Early Warning System for Armenia
487
Can Plate Motion Surveys by GPS Measurements be Considered as an Alert System in Earthquake Occurrence?
495

Public Communication of Warnings
67
Public Communication of Early Warnings Role of the Government
71
The Role of the Media in Public Communication of Early Warnings
73
Early Warning Community Interpretations and Perceptions A Case of Recurrent Floods and their Warnings in Delhi India
77
Disaster Early Warning and Individuals with Special Needs In Aggregate the Underserved Represent a Significant Portion of Society
81
Bringing Early Warning to the People Electronic Technology The Role of the Internet
85
Aspects of Disaster Management Emergency and Social Respone with Respect to Early Warnings
89
Systems and Problems of Early Warning in Germany
91
Benefits of Early Warning from the Viewpoint of the Insurance Industry
94
Natural Risks in Albania and the Role of Related Warning Systems
103
Interaction and Cooperation Between Russia and NIS in the Area of Preventing Emergency Situations of Technogenic and Natural Character
107
Gender Age and Social Class in Psychological Work in Disaster Situations
113
Psychological Interventions in Disaster Situations
119
Early Warning Systems for Hydrometeorological Hazards
125
The Role of the WMO World Weather Watch System in Mitigating HydroMeteorological Disasters
127
Meteorological and Hydrological Early Warning Systems
135
Early Warning Systems for Tropical Storms
165
Track Forecast Guidance Improvements for Early Warnings of Tropical Cyclones
167
The Tropical Cyclone Warning System in the Southwest Pacific
185
Early Warning System for Tropical Storms in India
191
Success and Failure of Early Warning Systems A Case Study of the Gujarat Cyclone of June 1998
199
From Good TC Track Forecasts Towards Good Early Warning of Intensity Changes
203
Improving the Tropical Cyclone Warning System and its Effective Dissemination in Mauritius
209
Early Warning Systems for Floods
213
RealTime Flood Forecasting Problems Possibilities and Proposed Solutions
215
Satellite Monitoring of Floods as a Part of the Early Warning System
241
Snowmelt Forecasting as a Contribution to Operational Flood Warning A System Integrating Remote Sensing Data and Meteorological Model Output
247
ShortTime Flood Forecast Methodology Using a HydroMeteorological Risk Concept for Flood Plains
253
HydroMeteorological Tools for Flood Protection in River Basins
259
Extreme Runoff Events in Small Catchments the Need for a Proper Modelling Strategy for Early Warning Systems
265
Using Real Time Data and a Flow Prediction Model to Assist in the Operation of the Orange River
271
GISELE A New Capability for Flash Flood Early Warnings Over Garonne River SubBasins
277
The Passage of the 97 Flood Wave on the Lower Odra
283
The Oder River Flood in Summer 1997 from Brandenburgs Point of View
289
Cultural and Political Obstacles to Accepting Early Warnings of the Aral Sea Disaster
305
Early Warning Systems for the Detection and Response to Severe Floods
311
Early Warning Systems Related to Drought and Mitigation of Famine
317
Prediction of African Rainfall and Household Food Security
319
Global Information and Early Warning System on Food and Agriculture Appropriate Technology and Institutional Development Challenges
337
Early Warning and Geography Space Time and User Needs Examples from Famine Early Warning
345
Agrometeorological Information System for Mitigation of the Effects of Drought in Hungary
351
Early and Dynamic Warning An Integrated Approach to Drought Management
357
Monitoring and Early Warnings Related to the El Nino Phenomenon
365
Monitoring and Early Warning Systems Related to the ElNino Phenomenon An Overview
367
Towards Operational Prediction of El Nino by a Coupled Ocean Atmosphere Model
369
Operational Seasonal Predictions in Australia
375
ECMWF Seasonal Forecasting System Performance and Evaluation
379
Early Warning Systems for Severe Weather Phenomena in mid and High Latitudes
391
Services from the Norwegian Meteorological Institute Can Reduce the Effects of Disasters Both Natural and ManMade
393
The Early Warning and Forecasting System EWFS for the Reduction of Serious AtmosphereHydrosphere Disasters
399
Early Warning Systems for the Mitigation of Geological Hazards
403
Early Warning Systems for the Mitigation of Geological Hazards an Overview
405
Early Warning Systems for Earthquakes
407
Earthquake Early Warning Systems Current Status and Perspectives
409
Earthquake Disasters Prediction Prevention and Early Warning
425
Towards an Earthquake Early Warning System for the Megacity of Istanbul
433
The Seismic Alert System in Mexico City and the School Prevention Program
441
Earthquake Early Warning System in Japan
447
Early Warning Systems for Volcano Monitoring and Eruption Warnings
503
Volcano Monitoring and Eruption Warnings
505
Geochemical Monitoring on Merapi Volcano Indonesia
511
Remote Sensing of Subglacial Eruptions in Iceland and the Development of Related Warning Systems
515
Information and Warnings to Authorities and to the Public About Seismic and Volcanic Hazards in Iceland
521
The MerapiProject Interdisciplinary Monitoring of a HighRisk Volcano as a Basis for an Early Warning System
527
Early Warning Systems for Tsunami
533
Early Warning Systems for Tsunami an Overview
535
Tsunami Warning System in Japan
537
Advances in the Chilean Tsunami Warning System and Application of the TIME Project to the Chilean Coast
543
A Tsunami Warning System in the SW Aegean Sea Greece
549
Early Warning Systems for Mountain Hazards
553
Early Warning Systems Related to Mountain Hazards
555
Movement Studies to Forecast the Time of Breaking off of Ice and Rock Masses
565
Avalanche Warning Switzerland 2000
569
Monitoring the Conditions of Dangerous Lakes in Uzbekistan and Contiguous Territories
579
Early Warning Systems for Fire and Other Environmental Hazards
583
The Contribution of the Global Fire Monitoring Center GFMC for Early Warning and Management of Wildfires
585
Application of Logistic Models to Predict Human Caused Forest Fires in Siberia
593
The Use of Microsatellites in the Fight Against Pest Plagues
601
ECPCs Global to Regional Fire Weather Forecast System
609
Overview of Lightning Detectors Their Role in Risk Management of the Lightning Hazard
615
Meteorology and Desert Locust Experience and Implementation of a Monitoring System
619
Early Warning Systems for Asteroid Impacts
625
SpaceBorne Autonomous OnBoard Recognition of High Temperature Events
633
Dedicated Earth Monitoring and Disaster Warning Applications by Asia Pacific Advanced Network APAN
641
The Finnish Forest Fire Index Calculation System
645
Satellite Based Forest Fire Detection and Automatic Alert System Pilot Experiment
649
Early Warning Systems for Rapid Damage Assessment and the Mitigation of Technological Hazards
655
Technological Hazards
657
Early Warning Systems for Mitigation of EarthquakeRelated Technological Risks
675
A New Concept for the Earthquake Vulnerability Estimation and its Application to the Early Warning System
693
RealTime City Gas Network Damage Estimation System SIGNAL
701
GPS Monitoring of Structures Recent Advances
709
The Earthquake Early Warning System of the Armenian Nuclear Power Plant
715
Concept for Seismic Alarm and Monitoring of SovietDesigned Nuclear Power Plants
719
Optimizing the Seismic Early Warning System for the Tohoku Shinkansen
727
The Role of Satellite Techniques in Early Warning Systems Stateoftheart and Perspectives
735
Toward an Integrated Space Strategy for Disaster Management
737
The Satellite Techniques in Early Warning Systems for Large Towns and Megacities
741
Monitoring Fires with European Remote Sensing Satellite ERS2 The Rush ATSR Fire Product Demonstration
745
Remote Sensing and CIS for Warning of Geological Hazards Application in Vietnam
753
The SAP Concept European Networked Approach for Organising the Generation of Products Based on Satellite Data
763
Use of Advanced Earth Observation Capabilities for Disaster Management The Example of the Oder Flood 1997
769
The Use of NOAAAVHRR Data for Flood Disaster Monitoring in the Mekong River Delta
781
Special Problems of Early Warning Systems for Developing Countries and Small Island States
789
An Early Warning System for Use in Developing Countries and Small Island States
791
Small Island States and Early Warning Systems
797
Tropical Cyclone Warnings and the Factors that Influence Response The Trinidad and Tobago Experience
801
Special Problems Faced by Sri Lanka as a Small Island State with Regard to Early Warning Systems for Cyclonic Storms
807
Transferring Flood Warning Technology to Vulnerable Communities in Jamaica
811
Future Technology Needs Accessibility and Affordability of Early Warning Systems
815
Technical Requirements for Early Warning Systems
817
Officers List
823
EWC98 Officers
825
Author Index
827
Subject Index
829
Copyright

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Page 3 - Then the earth reeled and rocked; the foundations also of the mountains trembled and quaked, because he was angry. 8 Smoke went up from his nostrils, and devouring fire from his mouth; glowing coals flamed forth from him.

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About the author (2003)

Paolo Gasparini, is Full Professor of Geophysics at the University of Napoli Federico II and President of Center of Competence AMRA. He is Advisor for Environment to the EC Commissioner of Research. He was President of IAVCEI. His activities include the assessment of volcanic and seismic hazard and risk. He is on the steering committee of the EC SAFER project on seismic early warning.

Gaetano Manfredi, is Full Professor of Structural Design at the University of Napoli Federico II and Head of the Department of Structural Engineering. He is President of RELUIS (The Italian Network of University Seismic Engineering Labs) and a member of the Board of the Directors of AMRA. His activity is focused on seismic engineering and innovative materials. He is WP leader of the SAFER project.

Jochen Zschau is Full professor at the University of Potsdam and Director of the Department "Physics of the Earth" at the GeoForschungsZentrum Potsdam (GFZ). His scientific focus is on earthquake and volcanoes research. He was vice president of the European Seismological Commission. He is one of the leaders of the Indonesian-German Tsunami Early Warning System being set up in the Indian Ocean. He is coordinator of the EC SAFER project on seismic early warning.

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