Property and Politics, 1870-1914: Landownership, Law, Ideology, and Urban Development in England

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Cambridge University Press, 1981 - History - 445 pages
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Landed and urban property exercised a powerful influence on social policy, urban development and national party politics in Victorian and Edwardian England. This book presents an innovative study of the economic, legal and social foundations of the British State. It contains a history of the law of land transfer, estimates of landed property and landed debt, and descriptions of the urban property market and of the impact of taxation upon urban development. Agrarian and urban property owners embraced conflicting doctrines of taxation. These doctrines, held rigidly for many decades, helped to form the identies of the Conservative and Liberal parties, and determine their policies in office. This book also analyses the stormy period from 1909 to 1914 where the urban crisis was compounded of collapsing property values, rising taxes and unsatisfied social demands as well as Lloyd George's provocative budgets and his ambitious and abortive land schemes.
  

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Contents

Profile of a profession
11
landlaw reform 18261870
23
Lawyers and Liberals 18701895
35
Solicitors and the property cycle 18951925
49
Benthamism blunted 18951925
68
Clergy corporations and junior property professions
91
Domesday revisited
105
Mortgagees
137
Towns against the Tories 18901902
221
Forging a weapon the taxation of land values 1901
242
The property cycle in London 18921912
254
Property values local taxation and local politics
283
Towards the Peoples Budget 19061909
317
Romantic residues
328
Back to the land
350
Peoples Budget and rural land campaign 1909 1914
363

The ramparts of property
148
Banners or spoils? The doctrines of taxation
161
The country versus the city in Parliament 18501885
167
Henry George and local taxation 18851895
184
Mr Goschens finance 18871892
201
Doles for squire and parson 18951902
207
The urban question again 19101914
384
Conclusion
401
Bibliography
407
Index
429
Copyright

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About the author (1981)

Avner Offer is Chichele Professor of Economic History at the University of Oxford and Fellow of All Souls College. Prior to his academic career he spent eight years working as a soldier, farmer, and conservation worker in Israel, where he was born and raised. His other books include In Pursuit of
the Quality of Life (1996), also published by Oxford University Press, and he has been researching the question of the quality of life in affluent societies since the early 1990s. He is also a Fellow of the British Academy.

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