An Assessment of Non-Lethal Weapons Science and Technology

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National Academies Press, Jan 30, 2003 - Technology & Engineering - 198 pages
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Non-lethal weapons (NLWs) are designed to minimize fatalities and other undesired collateral damage when used. Events of the last few years including the attack on the USS Cole have raised ideas about the role NLWs can play in enhancing support to naval forces. In particular to what extent and in what areas should Department of the Navy (DoN) -sponsored science and technology (S&T) provide a research base for developing NLW capabilities? To assist with this question and to evaluate the current NLWs program, the Joint Non-Lethal Weapons Directorate (JNLWD) and the Office of Naval Research (ONR) requested the National Research Council perform an assessment of NLWs science and technology. The report presents the results of that assessment. It discusses promising NLW S&T areas, development accomplishments and concerns about NLW, and series of recommendations about future NLW development and application.
  

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Contents

Executive Summary
1
Introduction
12
12 ROLES OF NONLETHAL WEAPONS FOR NAVAL EXPEDITIONARY FORCES
16
13 DESIRABLE CHARACTERISTICS OF NONLETHAL WEAPONS FOR NAVAL EXPEDITIONARY FORCES
21
The Current Status of NonLethal Weapons
23
22 HEALTH EFFECTS AND BIOSUSCEPTIBILITIES
38
23 JOINT NONLETHAL WEAPONS DIRECTORATE
40
24 NONLETHAL WEAPONS FUTURE NAVAL CAPABILITIES AND DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY ST
47
33 NONLETHAL WEAPONS SYSTEMS DEVELOPMENT
85
34 DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY ORGANIZATIONAL INTEREST IN NONLETHAL WEAPONS
93
35 SUMMARY OF FINDINGS
96
Conclusions
98
42 NONLETHAL WEAPONS AND NAVAL EXPEDITIONARY FORCES
100
Recommendations
101
52 CENTERS OF EXCELLENCE
104
53 SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
106

25 CURRENT NAVY PROGRAMS RELEVANT TO DEVELOPMENT OF NONLETHAL WEAPONS CAPABILITY
49
26 CURRENT MARINE CORPS PROGRAMS AND EXPERIENCE RELEVANT TO DEVELOPMENT OF NONLETHAL WEAPONS CAPABILITY
50
27 OTHER MILITARY OPERATIONAL EXPERIENCE
59
28 PROGRAMS IN OTHER SERVICES AND AGENCIES
63
29 MAJOR STUDIES OR CONFERENCES SINCE 1996
69
Principal Findings
73
31 JOINT NONLETHAL WEAPONS DIRECTORATE
74
32 ADVANCED NONLETHAL WEAPONS TECHNOLOGIES FOR NAVAL EXPEDITIONARY FORCES
79
54 DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY
110
NonLethal Weapons in the Architecture for Force Protection
115
NonLethal Weapons Technology Table
119
Discussion of Health Effects of NonLethal Weapons
148
Biographies of Committee Members and Staff
166
Acronyms and Abbreviations
174
Copyright

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