American Indians: The First of This Land

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Russell Sage Foundation, Nov 21, 1989 - Social Science - 444 pages
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Native Americans are too few in number to swing presidential elections, affect national statistics, or attract consistent media attention. But their history illuminates our collective past and their current disadvantaged status reflects our problematic present. In American Indians: The First of This Land, C. Matthew Snipp provides an unrivaled chronicle of the position of American Indians and Alaskan Natives within the larger American society.

Taking advantage of recent Census Bureau efforts to collect high-quality data for these groups, Snipp details the composition and characteristics of native Indian and Alaskan populations. His analyses of housing, family structure, language use and education, socioeconomic status, migration, and mortality are based largely on unpublished material not available in any other single source. He catalogs the remarkable diversity of a population—Eskimos, Aleuts, and numerous Indian tribes—once thought doomed to extinction but now making a dramatic comeback, exceeding 1 million for the first time in 300 years. Also striking is the pervasive influence of the federal bureaucracy on the social profile of American Indians, a profile similar at times to that of Third World populations in terms of literacy, income, and living conditions.

Comparisons with black and white Americans throughout this study place its findings in perspective and confirm its stature as a benchmark volume. American Indians offers an unsurpassed overview of a minority group that is deeply embedded in American folklore, the first of this land historically but now among the last in its socioeconomic hierarchy.

A Volume in the Russell Sage Foundation Census Series

  

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Contents

AMERICAN INDIAN DEMOGRAPHY IN HISTORIC PERSPECTIVE
1
WHO ARE AMERICAN INDIANS?
26
DIMENSIONS OF THE AMERICAN INDIAN POPULATION
62
HOUSING
96
FAMILY AND HOUSEHOLD STRUCTURE
127
LANGUAGE AND EDUCATION
173
LABOR FORCE PARTICIPATION
206
OCCUPATION AND INCOME
229
MIGRATION
266
AMERICAN INDIANS TODAY AND TOMORROW
306
TRIBAL POPULATION ESTIMATES
323
TRIBAL POPULATION ESTIMATES BY STATE
333
CHARACTERISTICS OF AMERICAN INDIAN MORTALITY
349
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About the author (1989)

C. MATTHEW SNIPP is associate professor of rural sociology at the University of Wisconsin, Madison.

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