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aims alike Ambrose anchorites Apostles appeared arose ascetic asceticism asticism attain Augustine Augustine's became become Benedictine Order bishops blessedness brethren Catholic Christian Catholicism Christ Christendom Cicero Clugny conception Confessions Confessions of St congregations contemplation culture devoted divine doctrine dominated dominion earth East ecclesiastical enthusiasm evangelical external faith Faust force fourth century Franciscan freedom Gnostic Goethe Gospel Greek Greek philosophy heart heathen hermit highest hitherto holy ideas individual influence inner kingdom living longer Manichaean Manichaeism mendicant Orders mind monasteries monastic monkish monks Montanism Montanists moral movement nature Neoplatonism ordinances original ideal peace perfect personality philosophy piety political Pope possessions poverty preached realised recognise reform religion religious remained renounced renunciation righteousness Roman rule Sacrament salvation secular Church secularisation Society of Jesus sought soul spirit St Francis strife struggle theologians theology things thought to-day took true truth victory West Western monasticism whole world-ruling worldly worship
Page 165 - Let us walk honestly, as in the day; not in rioting and drunkenness, not in chambering and wantonness, not in strife and envying. But put ye on the Lord Jesus Christ, and make not provision for the flesh, to fulfil the lusts thereof.
Page 48 - Some had gone out in order really to make atonement and to become saints; others to pose as such. Some fled society and its vices; others their calling and its toils. Some were simple-hearted and of indomitable will; others were sick of the whirl of life. In the one case the hermit desired to be rich in knowledge and true joy, and to devote his life to 'philosophy...
Page 65 - Jesus in the sixteenth, are the four great landmarks in the history of Western monasticism ; but they are at the same time landmarks in the history of Western Catholicism. It was always the monks who saved the Church when sinking, emancipated her when becoming enslaved to the world, defended her when assailed.
Page 123 - ... between Paul the Apostle and Luther the Reformer, the Christian Church has possessed.
Page 34 - Christian writer at the end of the third century and the beginning of the fourth, says that the number was quadrupled.
Page 167 - Even if we keep in mind the state of the times, how strange is it nevertheless that this rich and untiring spirit, striving after personal Christian piety, should only attain it by submitting to the authority of the Church ! These two things are henceforward inseparably interwoven in Augustine's life and thought.
Page 143 - Doctor^ and I lead These ten years past, my pupils' creed ; Winding, by dexterous words, with ease, Their opinions as I please. And now to feel that nothing can be known ! This is a thought that burns into my heart. I have been more acute than all these triflers, Doctors and authors, priests, philosophers ; Have sounded all the depths of every science.
Page 114 - Monasticism in the East maintained its independence at the cost of stagnation ; monasticism in the West remained effectual at the cost of losing its essential principle.
Page 140 - this change presents itself as a breach with his past; and it is in this view that he has himself depicted it. To him there is here nothing but a contrast between the past and the present. But in his inner life, in spite of his own representations, everything appears to us a quite intelligible development. It is true— and we understand the reason— that he was unable to judge himself in any other way.