A Practical Introduction to Research Methods in Psychology
Students in research methods classes often ask for "real" examples of the concepts & methods presented in the textbook & lectures, as well as for additional practice applying the research tools given to them. This book provides students with concrete examples of what to them are often abstract ideas, and gives students the kinds of practical experiences that aid understanding of research methods ... Some instructors may find it reasonable to use the book without an accompanying research methods text. The present text also could be used as part of a laboratory class or in a statistics class that emphasizes relationships between research methods & data analysis ... In order to complete the problems and exercises related to data analysis, students will need to have been introduced previously to the use of statistics in psychology or, minimally, they need to be taking a statistics course concurrently. Many of the statistical problems can be done using information found in Appendix A of the text ... may find it necessary to have available a statitics book ... encourage students to use a statistical software package.-Pref.
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Ethical Issues in the Conduct of Psychological
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analysis analysis of variance analytical comparisons ANOVA answer Article Summary assess attribution bias baseline behavior bias block randomization complex design confounding correlation counterbalancing demand characteristics dependent depressed Descriptive Statistics edition of Research error variation ethical evaluation example experiment experimental F-ratio F-test factors females identify incomplete within-subjects design independent groups design independent variable individuals Inferential Statistics interaction internal validity investigator letters level of measurement males manipulated mean measure Methods in Psychology natural groups nondepressed nonequivalent control group nonprobability sampling null hypothesis Numbers in parentheses observer obtained omnibus omnibus test participants population practice effects predicted present procedure psychologist quasi-experimental questionnaire questions random groups design randomly assigned represent Research Methods response REVIEW TESTS scores selected Shaughnessy and Zechmeister simple main effects social specific spurious relationship stage of practice standard deviation statistically significant summary table survey teams technique treatment Unit