The Rocky Mountain Directory and Colorado Gazetteer, for 1871: Comprising a Brief History of Colorado ... Together with a Complete and Accurate Directory of Denver, Golden City, Black Hawk, Central City, Nevada, Idaho, Georgetown ... First Year of Publication (Google eBook)
S. S. Wallihan, 1870 - Colorado - 442 pages
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Page 19 - Robinson, who was in front with me; but in half an hour they appeared in full view before us. When our small party arrived on the hill they with one accord gave three cheers to the Mexican mountains.
Page 19 - The summit of the Grand Peak, which was entirely bare of vegetation and covered with snow, now appeared at the distance of fifteen or sixteen miles from us, and as high again as what we had ascended, and would have taken a whole day's march to have arrived at its base, whence I believe no human being could have ascended to its pinnacle.
Page ii - This gradual and continuous progress of the European race towards the Rocky Mountains has the solemnity of a providential event ; it is like a deluge of men rising unabatedly, and daily driven onward by the hand of God.
Page 68 - I have never found the slightest difficulty in detecting the different divisions at a glance by their lithological characters, but I find it quite impossible to draw any line of separation that will be permanent. Quite marked changes occur in the sediments of these divisions in different parts of the West, but by following them continuously, in every direction, from their typical appearance on the Upper Missouri, the changes are so gradual that I have never lost sight of them for a mile, unless concealed...
Page 97 - I regret that my visit to the Middle Park was so short that I could not explore the entire area with care, for few districts in the West can afford more material of geological interest, and an entire season could be spent studying its geology and geography with great profit. The agricultural resources of the Middle Park are as yet unknown. No attempt has been made to cultivate any portion of it. Grass and grazing are excellent and the soil good, and if the climate will permit, all kinds of garden...
Page 97 - Elver near the junction, is occupied by belts of modern tertiary sands and marls like those observed at the entrance to the park, by Berthoud's Pass. Where the little stream cuts the terraces, horizontal strata of whitish and flesh-colored sands and marls are exposed. I looked in vain for fossils and found only specimens of silicified wood. There are cold sulphur springs in this valley. All through the park, the benches or terraces are conspicuous in the vicinity of streams, as at the base of mountain...
Page 85 - All over the mining districts are well-in arked anticlinal, synclinal, and what I have called monoclinal valleys. Nearly all the little streams flow a portion or all their way through these monoclinal valleys or rifts. In most cases the streams pass along these rifts from source to mouth, but occasionally burst through the upheaved ridges at right angles, and resuming its course again in some monoclinal opening. There are a few instances of these streams flowing along anticlinal valleys, and by...
Page 90 - Sarcobatusvermicularis, and other chenopiaceous shrubs. Into it flow some twelve or fifteen good sized streams, and yet there is no known outlet, neither is there any large body of water visible. It seems to be one vast swamp or bog, with a few small lakes, one of which is said to be three miles in length. Although entirely disconnected from any other water system the little streams are full of trout.
Page 84 - There are, however, a few lodes which are called " east and west lodes," and some, " north and south." A few have a strike northwest and southeast, but are generally very narrow and break off from the northeast and southwest lodes, are very rich for a time and then " pinch" out. It would seem therefore quite possible that the northeast and southwest veins took the lines of cleavage in that direction as lines of greatest weakness, and that the northwest and southeast lines cross the other set, and...
Page 66 - Then come the complete series of cretaceous strata in their order, inclining from 20° to 35°. Underneath the ridge capped with the sandstone No. 1 is a thin belt of ashen-gray marls and arenaceous marls, with one or two layers, two to four feet thick, of hard blue limestone, which I regard as of jurassic age. These pass down into light reddish, loose arenaceous sediments. Further toward the mountains, come one to three ridges of brick-red sandstone, and loose red sandy layers, sometimes variegated....