Language in Mind: Advances in the Study of Language and Thought

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Dedre Gentner, Susan Goldin-Meadow
MIT Press, 2003 - Language Arts & Disciplines - 528 pages
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The idea that the language we speak influences the way we think has evoked perennial fascination and intense controversy. According to the strong version of this hypothesis, called the Sapir-Whorf hypothesis after the American linguists who propounded it, languages vary in their semantic partitioning of the world, and the structure of one's language influences how one understands the world. Thus speakers of different languages perceive the world differently.Although the last two decades have been marked by extreme skepticism concerning the possible effects of language on thought, recent theoretical and methodological advances in cognitive science have given the question new life. Research in linguistics and linguistic anthropology has revealed striking differences in cross-linguistic semantic patterns, and cognitive psychology has developed subtle techniques for studying how people represent and remember experience. It is now possible to test predictions about how a given language influences the thinking of its speakers.Language in Mind includes contributions from both skeptics and believers and from a range of fields. It contains work in cognitive psychology, cognitive development, linguistics, anthropology, and animal cognition. The topics discussed include space, number, motion, gender, theory of mind, thematic roles, and the ontological distinction between objects and substances. The contributors include Melissa Bowerman, Eve Clark, Jill de Villiers, Peter de Villiers, Giyoo Hatano, Stan Kuczaj, Barbara Landau, Stephen Levinson, John Lucy, Barbara Malt, Dan Slobin, Steven Sloman, Elizabeth Spelke, and Michael Tomasello.

  

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Contents

Languages and Representations
17
The Key Is Social Cognition
47
Contributors
57
Sex Syntax and Semantics
61
Speaking versus Thinking about Objects and Actions
81
Setting
113
Massachusetts Institute of Technology Giyoo Hatano
153
Cognitive Consequences
157
What Makes Us Smart? Core Knowledge and Natural
277
How
313
Coming to Understand False Beliefs
335
Does the Language We Acquire
385
LanguageSpecific Categories
429
Interaction of Language Type and Referent Type in
465
Northwestern University
488
Do We Think Ergative?
493

Psycholinguistics University of the
186
Why Were So Smart
195
Does Language Help Animals Think?
237

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About the author (2003)

Susan Goldin-Meadow is Professor of Psychology and an affiliate of the Center for East Asian Studies at the University of Chicago.

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