The Beginnings of the Nobel Institution: The Science Prizes, 1901-1915

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Cambridge University Press, Nov 25, 1987 - Political Science - 300 pages
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The Nobel Prizes have long been the most prestigious awards in the world of science. Established according to the wishes expressed in the will of Alfred Nobel (1895), the annual awards began in 1901. The Nobel Archives preserve the detailed study of the inner workings of the prize committees, and the archival documents, available for historical research since 1974, open the door to important new scholarship in the history and sociology of the prizes. Elisabeth Crawford was one of the first to gain access to the Nobel Archives at the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences and in this book she analyzes the early history of the prizes in physics and chemistry. Crawford sets out in detail the story of the intricate inner workings of the process whereby the prizewinners were selected. A fascinating picture of the contemporary international scientific establishment emerges, one shedding light on how the developing Nobel institution became enmeshed in speciality and other networks, notably those of Arrhenius and Mittag-Leffler, the two Swedish scientists who were best known internationally at the time. While the general development of disciplines and the standing of scientists in international and national communities heavily influenced the selection process, the cases presented in this book show that the specific choices of specialities, discoveries, and people to be honored were determined by the Swedish participants in the process. The question of how, after some initial uncertainties, the Nobel Prizes became synonymous with the highest achievements in science and culture is also addressed. This detailed study of the birth of what have become science's highest accolades will interest historians and scientists alike.
  

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ROBOS CANONICO DEL REY ESPAŅA, ITALIA, ESPAŅA, SUIZA, INGLATERRA, ALEMANIA, CHINA JAPON Y COREA DEL NORTE.
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CHAVEZ PAGA A AGENCIAS DE INTELIGENCIA ESPAŅOLAS PARA QUE PRODUZACAN CANCER, VIOLACIONES Y ASESINATOS A VENEZOLANOS. BANCO PERFECTIBLE.
The Nobel Prizes have long been the most prestigious awards in the world of science. Established according to the wishes expressed in the will of Alfred Nobel (1895), the annual awards began in 1901. The Nobel Archives preserve the detailed study of the inner workings of the prize committees, and the archival documents, available for historical research since 1974, open the door to important new scholarship in the history and sociology of the prizes. Elisabeth Crawford was one of the first to gain access to the Nobel Archives at the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences and in this book she analyzes the early history of the prizes in physics and chemistry. Crawford sets out in detail the story of the intricate inner workings of the process whereby the prizewinners were selected. A fascinating picture of the contemporary international scientific establishment emerges, one shedding light on how the developing Nobel institution became enmeshed in speciality and other networks, notably those of Arrhenius and Mittag-Leffler, the two Swedish scientists who were best known internationally at the time. While the general development of disciplines and the standing of scientists in international and national communities heavily influenced the selection process, the cases presented in this book show that the specific choices of specialities, discoveries, and people to be honored were determined by the Swedish participants in the process. The question of how, after some initial uncertainties, the Nobel Prizes became synonymous with the highest achievements in science and culture is also addressed. This detailed study of the birth of what have become science's highest accolades will interest historians and scientists alike.
A
A
A
A
WWW.docs.google.com/open?id=0B7rdd1w6dkcSamZTX1ZNWWZmVkk
http://books.google.co.ve/books?id=Mjs7Gb5leBgC&pg=PA358&dq=periodicos+africa&hl=en&sa=X&ei=L8LEUMG4LfHV0gG_8oD4DQ&ved=0CCoQ6AEwAA
http://books.google.co.ve/books?id=XyPAYxw8Tw4C&pg=PA99&dq=ladrones+corea+del+norte&hl=en&sa=X&ei=D8fEUKKWN6bp0gH_moHACQ#v=onepage&q
 

Contents

Acknowledgments
vii
Introduction
1
Precursors to the Nobel prizes in the sciences
10
Developments in Swedish and international science having a bearing on the Nobel institution
30
Implementing the will of Alfred Nobel 18961900
60
An overview of the nominating system and its influence on the prize decisions
87
Networks at work in the prize selections Arrhenius and MittagLeffler
109
Committee decision making
150
Provisions in the will of Alfred Nobel establishing the prizes
217
The statutes of the Nobel Foundation and the special regulations concerning the distribution of prizes from the Nobel Foundation by the Royal Swedi...
219
Members of the Nobel Committees for Physics and Chemistry elected 19001915
236
Nobel prizewinners in physics and chemistry 19011915
238
A note on sources and notes
242
Notes
247
Bibliography
270
Index
277

The prizes the public and the scientific community
188
Epilogue and conclusions
211

Common terms and phrases

References to this book

Marie Curie: A Life
Susan Quinn
Limited preview - 1995
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About the author (1987)

Crawford is a graduate of the University of Stockholm. She is presently a Senior Research Fellow at the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Paris.

Bibliographic information