Music in West Africa: experiencing music, expressing culture
Music in West Africa is one of several case-study volumes that can be used along with Thinking Musically, the core book in the Global Music Series. Thinking Musically incorporates music from many diverse cultures and establishes the framework for exploring the practice of music around theworld. It sets the stage for an array of case-study volumes, each of which focuses on a single area of the world. Each case study uses the contemporary musical situation as a point of departure, covering historical information and traditions as they relate to the present. Visitwww.oup.com/us/globalmusic for a list of case studies in the Global Music Series. The website also includes instructional materials to accompany each study. Music in West Africa presents fundamental style concepts of West African music using a focused case study of performance in Liberia, West Africa, among the Kpelle people. The book discusses the diversity, motifs, and structure of West African music within the larger patterns of the region'sculture, highlighting those aspects of Kpelle music that are common to many other West African traditions. It also describes how music and dance in West Africa are tied to the fabric of everyday social and political life. Kpelle musicians value musical performance where multiple performers each contribute aspects of sound that fit together in elaborate ways. Drawing upon her extensive fieldwork and research, author Ruth Stone--who was raised in the Bong County region of Liberia--centers on key stylisticelements that Kpelle performers articulate and emphasize: faceting or breaking music into smaller parts, layering tone colors, part-counterpart relationships in musical structures, and time and polyrhythm. She explores fascinating parallels to these analytic themes in the textiles and masks ofrelated arts and in broader cultural practices such as greeting sequences. Music in West Africa is enhanced by eyewitness accounts of local performances, interviews with key performers, and vivid illustrations. Packaged with a 70-minute CD containing examples of the music discussed in the book, it features guided listening and hands-on activities that encouragereaders to engage actively and critically with the music.
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Layered Tone Colors
Call and Response
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aspects audience member Bena greetings Bong County Bongkai call and response CD track chief choral chorus cloth create dance dancer epic performance Epic pourer episode ethnomusicologist faceting fee laa feli Figure Gbeyilataa gbung-gbung Ghana goblet drum hemiola hocket horn ensemble inner instrumentalists instruments interlock John Woni journey Kalu Kee kee kee zi Keema koning koro Kpelle music Kpelle musicians Kpelle performance kpolong Kulung learned Liberia listen mance master drummer mbira mono Monrovia Moses Woni mother move music performance musical bow musical events NARRATOR ostinato Owl-raising-people part-counterpart PETER GIDDINGS Photo by Verlon phrase pitches played player Poro QUESTIONER Recorded by Ruth resonator rhythm rhythmic patterns rice ritual sang singer singing slit-drum solo soloist song catcher sound syllables timbral timbre tone color Totota town traveled triangular frame-zither Verlon Stone visual vocal voice West Africa Woi epic Woi's wife woman women Woni Yanekwele Zawo zi-kee