The American peace movement: ideals and activism
In November 1969 tens of thousands of demonstrators converged on Washington, D.C., to protest U.S. involvement in Vietnam. For four days they marched, sang, and made speeches calling for an end to the war; then they dispersed. Who were these people and what brought them together? Who was in charge and what did they hope to accomplish? What real effect did the event have on public opinion or foreign policy?
In The American Peace Movement: Ideals and Activism, Charles Chatfield explores such questions as they relate to the peace movement from the early nineteenth century up to the present. Combining a broad historical scope with a sociological perspective, the study examines the movement as a social process--an interaction of organizations, strategies, and goals. Chatfield analyzes public attitudes toward peace, war, and foreign policy, and the shifting constituencies of the various peace coalitions as the movement responded to specific challenges of the international situation. Detailed portrayals of events, goals, strategies, and leaders help bring the story of the peace movement vividly to life.
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The First Century of Peace Reform 18151914
The Protean Peace Reform 19141919
Peace and Neutrality Campaigns 19211941
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active activists administration AFSC aligned American Peace Movement American Peace Society antiwar movement arbitration arms control arms race Association atomic AUAM became bombing Carnegie challenge civil rights CNVA coalition collective security Committee communist conference Congress conscientious objectors constituencies Council DeBenedetti Democratic demonstration disarmament effort elite Emergency Peace Campaign endorsed Federal Fellowship of Reconciliation foreign policy formed freeze campaign goals ibid international law internationalism internationalists issues leaders leadership League of Nations legislation liberal pacifists lobbied membership ment military missile Mobilization neutrality Nixon nonresistants nonviolent nuclear weapons NWFC pacifism participation peace advocates peace churches peace groups peace organizations peace reform Peace Society Peace Union political postwar president protest Quaker radical pacifists rally religious SANE scientists Senate social movement Socialist South Vietnam Soviet sponsored strategy Swarthmore College test ban campaign tion tional treaty United Nations Vietnam Washington WILPF women Women's Peace Party world government York