## NAEP 1996 mathematicsClyde M. Reese, Laura Jerry, Nada Ballator, Peggy Carr, National Center for Education Statistics, National Assessment of Educational Progress (Project), Educational Testing Service U.S. Dept. of Education, Office of Educational Research and Improvement, 1997 - Mathematics - 218 pages Abstract: The National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) is the only nationally representative and continuing assessment of what students in the United States know and can do in various academic subjects. The 1996 NAEP in mathematics assessed the current level of mathematical achievement as a mechanism for informing education reform. In 1996, 44 states, the District of Columbia, Guam, and the Department of Defense schools took part in the NAEP state mathematics assessment program. The NAEP 1996 state mathematics assessment was at grade 4 and grade 8, although grades 4, 8, and 12 were assessed at the national level. The 1996 state mathematics assessment covered the five content strands: (1) Number Sense, Properties, and Operations; (2) Measurement; (3) Geometry and Spatial Sense; (4) Data Analysis, Statistics, and Probability; and (5) Algebra and Functions. In Connecticut 2,565 students in 105 public schools and 245 students in 13 nonpublic schools were assessed at the fourth-grade level and 2,485 students in 102 public schools were assessed at the eighth-grade level. This report describes the mathematics proficiency of Connecticut fourth- and eighth-grade students, compares their overall performance to students in the Northeast region of the United States and the entire United States (using data from the NAEP national assessment), presents the average proficiency for the five content strands, and summarizes the performance of subpopulations (gender, race/ethnicity, parents' educational level, Title I participation, and free/reduced lunch program eligibility). Results are also presented for nonpublic school students at grade 4 for the 1996 state mathematics assessment. To provide a context for the assessment data, participating students, their mathematics teachers, and principals completed questionnaires which focused on: school characteristics (attendance); instructional content (curriculum coverage, standards, amount of homework); delivery of mathematics instruction and its characteristics; use of technology in mathematics instruction; students' own views about mathematics; and conditions facilitating mathematics learning (hours of television watched, parental support, home influences). On the NAEP fields of mathematics scales that range from 0 to 500, the average mathematics scale score for fourth grade students in Connecticut was 232 compared to 222 throughout the United States and the average mathematics scale score for eighth grade students in Connecticut was 280 compared to 271 throughout the United States. The average mathematics scale score of fourth grade males was higher than that of females in Connecticut; nationwide, however, the performance of males did not differ significantly from that of females. The average mathematics scale score of eighth grade males did not differ significantly from that of females in either Connecticut or the nation. At the fourth grade, White students in Connecticut had an average mathematics scale score that was higher than that of Black and Hispanic students. At the eighth grade, White students in Connecticut had an average mathematics scale score that was higher than that of Black and Hispanic students but was not significantly different from that of Asian/Pacific Islander students. (ASK) Note:The following two links are not-applicable for text-based browsers or screen-reading software. |

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### Contents

HIGHLIGHTS | 1 |

INTRODUCTION | 11 |

APPENDIX A Reporting NAEP 1996 Mathematics Results | 26 |

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1996 Connecticut 1996 Mathematics Assessments 95 percent confidence allow accurate determination appear in parentheses Assessment of Educational assessment program attained the Proficient average mathematics scale Average Scale Score Center for Education comparing two estimates Connecticut Northeast Nation content strands difference see Appendix Education Statistics Educational Progress NAEP eighth graders eighth-grade students entire population fourth graders GRADE 4 Public high school Hispanic insufficient to permit Interpret with caution least one parent Mathematics Achievement Levels mathematics instruction mathematics scale ranges mathematics scale score NAEP mathematics scale NATION'S REPORT CARD National Center NCTM Standards Northeast Nation Percentage notation parent graduated percent confidence level Percentage and Average percentage of students Percentile Percentile Percentile permit a reliable population of interest Proficient level public school students Public School Teachers reliable estimate score of students significantly higher lower signifies statistics appear students in Connecticut students was significantly teachers who reported value for 1992 value for public