The Principles of Morals and Legislation (Google eBook)

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Clarendon Press, 1879 - Civil law - 378 pages
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Review: The Principles of Morals and Legislation (Great Books in Philosophy)

User Review  - Nils - Goodreads

All told a pretty tedious slog. There are flashes of humor and insight however. One is stuck, also, that as much as Bentham is blamed for the parsimony-fetishism of the dismal science, he actually ... Read full review

Review: The Principles of Morals and Legislation (Great Books in Philosophy)

User Review  - Pierre A Renaud - Goodreads

Copyleft ebook: Jeremy Bentham, An Introduction to the Principles of Morals and Legislation http://ebooks.adelaide.edu.au/b/benth... Read full review

Contents

I
1
II
8
III
24
V
29
VI
33
VII
43
VIII
70
IX
82
XI
97
XII
131
XIII
152
XV
170
XVI
178
XVII
189
XVIII
204
XIX
309

X
89

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Page 2 - ... govern us in all we do, in all we say, in all we think: every effort we can make to throw off our subjection will serve but to demonstrate and confirm it.
Page 31 - ... with respect to each individual, in regard to whom the tendency of it is good upon the whole: do this again with respect to each individual, in regard to whom the tendency of it is bad upon the whole. Take the balance; which, if on the side of pleasure, will give the general good tendency of the act, with respect to the total number or community of individuals concerned; if on the side of pain, the general evil tendency, with respect to the same community.
Page 4 - Of an action that is conformable to the principle of utility one may always say either that it is one that ought to be done, or at least that it is not one that ought not to be done. One may say also, that it is right it should be done; at least that it is not wrong it should be done; that it is a right action; at least that it is not a wrong action. When thus interpreted, the words ought, and right and wrong, and others of that stamp, have a meaning: when otherwise, they have done.
Page 2 - By the principle of utility is meant that principle which approves or disapproves of every action whatsoever, according to the tendency which it appears to have to augment or diminish the happiness of the party whose interest is in question; or, what is the same thing in other words, to promote or to oppose that happiness. I say of every action whatsoever; and therefore not only of every action of a private individual, but of every measure of government.
Page 2 - By utility is meant that property in any object, whereby it tends to produce benefit, advantage, pleasure, good, or happiness...
Page 31 - Of the value of each pain which appears to be produced by it in the first instance. 3. Of the value of each pleasure which appears to be produced by it after the first. This constitutes the fecundity of the first pleasure and the impurity of the first pain. 4. Of the value of each pain which appears to be produced by it after the first.
Page 3 - The community is a fictitious body, composed of the individual persons who are considered as constituting as it were its members. The interest of the community then isó what? The sum of the interests of the several members who compose it.
Page 189 - The value of the punishment must not be less in any case than what is sufficient to outweigh that of the profit of the offence.
Page 16 - ... which approves or disapproves of certain actions, not on account of their tending to augment the happiness, nor yet on account of their tending to diminish the happiness of the party whose interest is in question, but merely because a man finds himself disposed to approve or disapprove of them: holding up that approbation or disapprobation as a sufficient reason for itself, and disclaiming the necessity of looking out for any extrinsic ground.
Page 311 - The day has been, I grieve to say in many places it is not yet past, in which the greater part of the species, under the denomination of slaves, have been treated by the law exactly upon the same footing as, in England for example, the inferior races of animals are still. The day may come, when the rest of the animal creation may acquire those rights which never could have been withholden from them but by the hand of tyranny.

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