Hungary, Past and Present; Embracing Its History from the Magyar Conquest to the Present Time
General Books, 2009 - 238 pages
This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1854 Excerpt: ...slightest effort at reflection in politics or religion some hidden revolutionary spirit, and thought that from wit and elegance of language there might spring up regicides and demagogues. While living peaceably in the house of his mother, in the county of Zemplin, Kazinczy was seized by an armed force and thrown into prison. The Regal Court of Pesth sentenced this man of letters, accused of revolutionary plottings, to death--a sentence which, by special grace, was commuted into seven years' imprisonment (1794-1801). After having spent the days of his captivity in the prisons of Brun, Kufstein, and Munkacs, Kazinczy resumed his task with increased vigour. Of his poetical productions, the most successful are his epigrams and satires, 204 LITERARY REFORMS OF KAZINCZY. which were not a little influential in stirring up the slumbering spirit of Hungarian society; while his prose works, treating chiefly of historical, aesthetic, and philosophical subjects, had no small share in dispelling prejudices and refining the taste. In order to exhibit the riches of the Hungarian idiom, and improve the national taste by one and the same means, Kazinczy applied with all his might to the translation of foreign classics, and the master creations and beauties of Shakspeare, Ossian, Lessing, and Goethe were soon resounded in the language of Arpad. The adversaries of the language-reform attempted to throw ridicule on the labours of Kazinczy, by publishing a lampoon entitled Mondolat; but they were soon obliged tacitly to respect a man who, urged on by patriotic feelings, laboured unremittingly to remove the mental inactivity and torpor that lay heavy upon the national body, and who felt convinced that, with the revival and culture of the sonorous native idiom, the people would r...
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