The Hydrogen Economy: Opportunities, Costs, Barriers, and R&D Needs

Front Cover
The announcement of a hydrogen fuel initiative in the President s 2003 State of the Union speech substantially increased interest in the potential for hydrogen to play a major role in the nation s long-term energy future. Prior to that event, DOE asked the National Research Council to examine key technical issues about the hydrogen economy to assist in the development of its hydrogen R&D program. Included in the assessment were the current state of technology; future cost estimates; CO2 emissions; distribution, storage, and end use considerations; and the DOE RD&D program. The report provides an assessment of hydrogen as a fuel in the nation s future energy economy and describes a number of important challenges that must be overcome if it is to make a major energy contribution. Topics covered include the hydrogen end-use technologies, transportation, hydrogen production technologies, and transition issues for hydrogen in vehicles.
  

What people are saying - Write a review

We haven't found any reviews in the usual places.

Contents

Executive Summary
1
1 Introduction
8
2 A Framework for Thinking About the Hydrogen Economy
11
Hydrogen EndUse Technologies
25
4 Transportation Distribution and Storage of Hydrogen
37
5 Supply Chains for Hydrogen and Estimated Costs of Hydrogen Supply
45
6 Implications of a Transition to Hydrogen in Vehicles for the US Energy System
64
7 Carbon Capture and Storage
84
References
123
Appendixes
127
Appendix A Biographies of Committee Members
129
Appendix B Letter Report
133
Appendix C DOE Hydrogen Program Budget
137
Appendix D Presentations and Committee Meetings
139
Appendix E Spreadsheet Data from Hydrogen Supply Chain Cost Analyses
141
Appendix F US Energy Systems
194

8 Hydrogen Production Technologies
91
9 Crosscutting Issues
106
10 Major Messages of This Report
116
Additional Discussion
198
Appendix H Useful Conversions and Thermodynamic Properties
240
Copyright

Common terms and phrases

Bibliographic information