The Official Railway Guide: North American Freight Service Edition (Google eBook)

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National Railway Publication Company, 1907 - Railroads
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Page xxxv - January, eighteen hundred and ninety-eight, it shall be unlawful for any such common carrier to haul or permit to be hauled or used on its line any car used in moving interstate traffic not equipped with couplers coupling automatically by impact, and which can be uncoupled without the necessity of men going between the ends of the cars.
Page xxxv - The continuance of a given rate is not conclusive evidence of the reasonableness of that rate ; but when a railway company advances a rate which has been for some time in force, the fact of its continuance is in the nature of an admission against that company which tends to show the unreasonableness of the advance...
Page xxxviii - Decome a matter of serious concern. In some cases it is simply a lack of cars, in others insufficient tracks and motive power, in still others wholly inadequate freight yards and terminal facilities. The larger roads, which have been increasing their equipment, as their managers claim, as rapidly as it could be procured, are in many cases refusing to furnish cars for loading to points beyond their own rails, because they are not unloaded and returned within a reasonable time. Frequently, it is said,...
Page xxxvii - The Commission may determine and prescribe the form in which the schedules required by this section to be kept open to public inspection shall be prepared and arranged, and may change the form from time to time as shall be found expedient.
Page xxxvi - Ci ingress alone can do so; and particularly is this so when Congress has legislated with reference thereto. The only dissent that can be urged against the foregoing is one phase of the question not covered by the facts of this case, and not necessary to now state. In so far as commerce can be regulated or controlled, it falls within the power of a State or of Congress. To say that it falls within the power of neither is to argue an absurdity, and to say that up in the air somewhere is a subject-matter...
Page xxxviii - ... current requirements. Whatever the cause or however difficult to fix responsibility, the unquestioned fact is that the railroads can not or do not move the entire volume of traffic offered and that shippers are suffering' to a degree almost unbearable in many cases because they can not get transportation for their traffic. The railways, to use a common simile, are the arteries through which the commercial life of the nation circulates, but when this circulation becomes impeded because the channels...
Page xxxvi - If so, what? The older statute was with reference only to cars used in moving interstate traffic, regardless of whether it was a local road or one extending into several States. The reported cases, and the reports of the Interstate Commerce Commission, show that it was often difficult to prove for...
Page xxxv - That the test of the reasonableness of a rate is not the amount of profit in the business of the shipper or manufacturer, but whether the rate yields a reasonable compensation for the services performed. Carriers necessarily and justly participate in the prosperity of their patrons in the resultant enlargement of their own business.
Page xxxviii - SHORTAGE. The inability of shippers to procure cars for the movement of their, traffic is the subject of numerous and grievous complaints which come to the Commission from all parts of the country. A car famine prevails which brings distress in almost every section, and in some localities amounts to a calamity. The extraordinary prosperity which everywhere abounds with the high prices obtainable for all classes of commodities have so stimulated production as to yield a volume of transportation business...
Page xxxvi - ... consignee. By doing this with that car, defendant is not only an interstate road, but was engaged in an interstate traffic. Soon after the car was placed on defendant's sidetrack, two different efforts were made to uncouple it, when in motion, and which uncoupling was made as it only could be done, by a man going between the ends of the cars. One of the appliances was broken, but when or where is not made known, and the defect could not be detected by the eye. While these efforts to uncouple...

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