The education-drug use connection: how successes and failures in school relate to adolescent smoking, drinking, drug use, and delinquency
Does success in school protect teenagers from drug use? Does drug use impair scholastic success? This book tackles a key issue in adolescent development and healththe education-drug use connection. The authors examine the links and likely causal connections between educational experiences, delinquent behavior, and adolescent use of tobacco, alcohol, marijuana, and cocaine. The book uses data from the University of Michigan'sMonitoring the Futureproject. It focuses on a large and nationally representative sample of 8th grade students in the United States who were initially surveyed in 1991-1993 and then followed over the vitally important developmental period between ages 14 and 22. The volume uses a variety of statistical analysis techniques, and the findings can be understood by individuals with limited, as well as with extensive, backgrounds in research design. The findings convincingly demonstrate that if young people can be successful in school, it can improve a broad range of outcomes in their lives, not the least of which is their ability to resist pressures to use drugs. The book provides: a summary of the findings and conclusions; a review of relevant literature; a detailed discussion of the survey and analysis methods; the academic attainment of those in the longitudinal panel; the delinquent behaviors of panel members as they relate to measures of educational success; and the patterns of initiation, continuation, and cessation for each substance: cigarettes, marijuana, cocaine, and alcohol. This book is intended for anyone who deals with education and/or substance use, including educational, developmental, and social psychologists; sociologists; epidemiologists; educators; and policy makers. The analysis of panel survey data, using a variety of techniques, will also appeal to survey methodologists and students.
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Introduction and Overview
Conceptual and Empirical
Delinquency and Other Problem Behaviors
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30-day alcohol academic attainment adolescents African-American attainment at age beta beta beta causal CD CM chapter CM CD CM CM CM collection modal age College plans Wave Column correlations cut school Wave daily smoking data collection grade data collection modal Days cut school Delinquency index Wave delinquent behaviors Direct Total Direct educational success eighth grade end of eighth GPA Wave grade retention Grand Mean heavy drinking Held back grade Hispanic Hours worked Wave involvement index Wave Last 30 Days Males Females Mean secondary school modal age 14 Non-MSA Number of parents pairwise deletion panel data Parent involvement index parents Waves 1-3 population density predictors Preferred hours problem behaviors scholastic setback W2 secondary school GPA Self-esteem index Wave Serious scholastic setback Standardized Regression Coefficient structural equation model Table Total Direct Total Urban density W1 to W2 W2 to W3 Wave 1 College Wave 1 data Wave 2 data Wave 2 GPA