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10th Division 30th Brigade advance Albania Allied Army ammunition arrived artillery Athens attack Austrian Balkan campaign Balkans barracks battalion battle of Ostrovo began bridge British Bulgarian Bulgars carried cavalry Cerna Cerna river Colonel command defences Demir enemy enemy's English entrenched evacuated Evzones fighting fire flank flies Florina force French French troops front German Government Greece Greek frontier guns hand headquarters heavy hills infantry Italian Kavadar King Constantine Korytza Krivolak Lake Doiran Lake Ostrovo Lake Prespa looking Macedonia machine-guns miles military Monastir morning mountains night occupied offensive officers organised pass patrols plain position Prilep railway ravine regiment reinforcements retreat ridge rifles river round Royalist Rupel Salonica Salonica Army Sarrail sector Serbian Army Serbs Seres road shells side slopes soldiers Spahis Staff steep Struma Strumnitza supply Thessaly tion took town transport Turks valley Vardar Veles Venizelos village Volo whole yards
Page 165 - ... were the weapons that worked the slaughter on Kaimakchalan, and so fiercely were they used that Serbs would reach the ambulances with broken-off pieces of knives and bayonets in their wounds. You came upon little piles of dead in every gully; behind each clump of rocks you found them, not halfburied in mud or partly covered by the ruins of a blown-in trench or shattered dugout, but lying like men asleep on the clean, hard stones. The fish-tail of an aerial torpedo, the effect of whose explosion...
Page 165 - Balkan armies, not unakin in race, with languages closely related and histories that are a parallel story, faced and fought each other with savage and bitter hatred, under the fiercest weather conditions of cold and exposure. The wind there was sometimes so strong that the Serbs said they "almost feared that the trench-mortar projectiles would be blown back on to them.
Page 165 - There could be little artillery at that altitude to keep the battle lines apart. Mortar, bomb and bayonet were the weapons that worked the slaughter on Kaimakchalan, and so fiercely were they used that Serbs would reach the ambulances with broken-off pieces of knives and bayonets in their wounds. You came upon little piles of dead in every gully ; behind each clump of rocks you found them, not halfburied in mud or partly covered by the ruins of a blown-in trench or shattered dugout, but lying like...
Page 164 - It was on this vantage ground above the clouds, with the country they were fighting to win back laid out in full prospect before their eyes, that the Serbs fought their fiercest battles with the Bulgars. The Bulgars had such casualties that one battalion of their 46th Regiment mutinied. Little entrenching was possible on the stonebound mountainside. In clefts and gullies, behind outcrops of rock or under shelter of individual heaps of stones collected under cover of the dark, the soldiers of these...
Page 93 - For the spy, Salonica is Paradise. He thrives and multiplies there like a microbe in jelly. If a spy had the chance of creating an ideal environment to work in he could not improve upon Salonica. Imagine a town where the languages commonly and regularly spoken are old Spanish, much adulterated, Greek, Turkish, Italian, Bulgarian, Serb, Roumanian, and French; where every one has changed his subjection at least once during the last five years, — from Turkish to Greek, — and where before that several...
Page 14 - EPTEMBERjtO, 1,915, may be regarded as the day when the Salonica Expedition took its place among the war plans of the Allies. During the two previous months the military situation in the Near East had been forcing itself more and more urgently upon the attention of the French and English Governments. At the Dardanelles the fierce fighting of the summer had only emphasised the deadlock in which the Allied Forces were involved. In the Balkans it became clear as the autumn drew on...
Page 14 - Austria was about to carry out an attack in overwhelming force upon the Serbians, who were already worn with much fighting, and reduced in numbers by disease. Bulgaria's deceitful neutrality was wearing thin, in spite of the well-meant but lamentably misinformed assurances of her friends in England that she would never forget the gratitude due to her traditional friends, the English, and would never ally herself against her kinsmen, the Russians. For all the bluffing interviews given by M. Radoslavoff...
Page 48 - French then had occupied the crest above Cadjali and the Bulgars the next one across a valley about 1,400 yards broad, where their main position was on Hill 850. While the French were laboriously building up their new line and had still only prised elementary trenches a few feet deep out of the rocky ground, with no wire in front of them at all, the Bulgars attacked on the night of November 16th with an energy which was a foreshadowing of that which they displayed a month later against ourselves.
Page 207 - Through this concentrated barrage, the infantry pressed gallantly on to the attack, and everywhere entered the enemy's lines, only to be driven out again by the heavy fire which the Bulgar guns opened on their own captured front trenches, and by determined counter-attacks. Down by the lake our men twice reached the enemy trenches, but had to fall back each time. On their left they met with strong resistance, and the few of them who got into the enemy's front line were not strong enough to stay there.
Page 56 - Division's turn for its flank to be left in the air. The Bulgars furthermore were now also trying to get round our right flank and so down to Lake Doiran to cut our only road of retreat where it reaches the north-west end of the Lake. Fortunately the pathlessness of the mountains prevented that attempt from succeeding. But Dedeli had to be evacuated hastily on the night of the llth or it would be too late.