Trauma: Culture, Meaning and Philosophy
In the past twenty years there has been a remarkable growth of interest in the area of trauma within the disciplines of psychology and psychiatry. This professional interest both reflects and contributes to a wider cultural concern with trauma. The syndrome of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) lies at the heart of the current discourse on trauma. This book argues that there are serious problems inherent in current conceptualisations of how people react to trauma, and consequently in many of the therapeutic responses that have been developed. The book offers a radical critique of the concept of PTSD and questions the assumptions which underpin the 'trauma industry' that has emerged around it. However, the book is not just about critique. Drawing on anthropology, philosophy and his own clinical experience and that of others, the author presents a very different understanding of the relationships between trauma, meaning and culture. Post traumatic anxiety is presented as a problem with strong social and cultural dimensions and not simply an issue of individual psychopathology. Thus the reader is equipped with a new framework for helping traumatised individuals and communities. This very different conceptualisation of post traumatic sequelae will challenge therapists, aid and development workers as well as theoretical workers in psychology and psychiatry. Dr. Bracken argues against the medicalisation of distress and for the strengthening of communities and seeks to connect disputes about the framing of trauma with a wider debate about the social control of technology and expertise. This book will also be of interest to philosophers and others wishing to understand the relevance of philosophical analysis to medicine and psychology.
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Trauma meaning and psychiatry
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analysis anxiety approach argues assumptions attempt become behaviour being-in-the-world bodyhood Bolton and Hill Boss Bracken Cartesian causal clinical cognitive cognitivism cognitivist concept concern context continental philosophy cross-cultural cross-cultural psychiatry cultural Dallmayr Dasein daseinanalysis depression Derek Summerfield Descartes described developed discourse on trauma discussed disorder distress dominant Dreyfus emerge emotional entity ethical existence existential experience fear focus Foucault framework Freud fundamental Heidegger 1962 Heideggerian hermeneutic human reality important individual involves Janoff-Bulman lives Louis Sass meaning meaningful mental health metaphysics mind modern mood move nature notion ontological ourselves particular phenomenology philosophy position positivism positivist post-traumatic anxiety postmodernity postpsychiatry practical present problems psychiatry psychoanalysis psychology psychotherapy PTSD question relation relationship response says schemas scientific scientific reductionism sense simply social society state-of-mind stress symptoms syndrome temporality theory therapeutic therapy things thinking thought traditional traumatic event understanding victims Western writes Zollikon