Philosophical Ethics (Google eBook)
Why is ethics part of philosophy? Stephen Darwall’s Philosophical Ethics introduces students to ethics from a distinctively philosophical perspective, one that weaves together central ethical questions such as “What has value?” and “What are our moral obligations?” with fundamental philosophical issues such as “What is value?” and “What can a moral obligation consist in?”With one eye on contemporary discussions and another on classical texts, Philosophical Ethics shows how Hobbes, Mill, Kant, Aristotle, and Nietzsche all did ethical philosophy—how, for example, they sought to gain insight into what has value through understanding what value itself is. After an introductory section, and one on main approaches to metaethics, chapters discuss “modern” philosophical moralists—Hobbes, Mill, and Kant—and pre- and postmodern philosophical approaches to ethics in Aristotle, Nietzsche, and the ethics of care.Throughout, the reader is invited to do—rather than just read about—philosophical ethics and, in doing so, to think through questions that face all thoughtful human beings. Themes include the nature of value and moral obligation, freedom and choice, human flourishing, excellence and merit, radical critiques of morality, and the importance of relationships for human life.
What people are saying - Write a review
We haven't found any reviews in the usual places.
Desire Higher Goods and the Ideal Judgment Theory
From Value to Morality
Defending AU Against Some Objections
Some Case Studies
A Fundamental Dilemma of Metaethics
Problems for Ethical Naturalism
Reductive Versus Nonreductive Supernaturalism
What Theological Voluntarism Is Not
A Reductive Account of Gods Authority
Irreducibility and Objective Purport
The Nature of Rational Intuitionism
Problems for Rational Intuitionism
The Ideal Judgment Theory
Three Models of Ethical Judgment
Aspects of Ideal Judgment
Problems for the Ideal Judgment Theory
Another Version of the Ideal Judgment Theory? Ideal Practical Judgment or Agency Theory
The Error Theory and Ethical Relativism
What Ethical Relativism Is Not
Could Ethical Relativism Be True?
Varieties of Noncognitivism
The Sources of Noncognitivism
Problems for Noncognitivism and Possible Responses
Desire Deliberation and Value
Laws of Nature and Normativity
What If Everyone Did That?
Fairness Natural Law and Political Authority
Why Should We Keep Promises? Hobbess Reply to the Fool
Hobbess Theory of Morality and Moral Obligation
Conclusion and Remaining Issues
A Criterion of Right and Wrong
Nonmoral Good and Hedonism
Pleasure Desire and Mills Proof
Hedonism and the Genesis of Desire
RU Versus AU and the Normativity of Morality
Theoretical and Practical
Kants Project in the Groundwork
Necessity Universality and the A Priori
The Good Will
A Derivation of the Categorical Imperative?
The Formula of Universal Law
The Formula of the End in Itself
The Formula of Autonomy and the Realm of Ends
One Categorical Imperative?
Deontology or Consequentialism?
An Ideal Agent Theory of Normative Reasons
A Genealogy of Morals
The Basic Idea
The Ethics of Aristocracy
Morality Hatred and the Herd
A Perfectionist Ethics
Morality Versus Supramorality
The Theory of the Mean
Principles and Practical Wisdom
Ethics of Care
From the Perspectives of Kohlberg and Gilligan
Ethics of Rights Versus Ethics of Care
What Is at Issue?
Morality as Derivable from IndividualRegarding Care and Respect
action argued argument Aristotle Aristotle's believed Categorical Imperative Chapter concern conflict consider context covenants deliberation desire direction of fit disagree empirical equally error theory esteem ethical claims ethical convictions ethical facts ethical judgment ethical naturalism ethical properties ethical relativism ethical thought ethics of care example experience explain false feel flourishing happiness hedonism Hobbes Hobbes's hold human hypothetical imperative ideal judgment theory individual intrinsically intuitionism intuitionists involves judge Kant Kant's kind maxim means metaethical metaphysical metaphysical naturalism Mill Mill's moral agent moral internalism moral law moral obligation morally right Nietzsche noble noncognitivism normative ethics normative reasons object particular person perspective philosophical ethics pleasure practical reason principle problem promises properties and facts propositions question rational agent rational intuitionism respect right and wrong rule sense simply social someone Suggested Reading Suppose telish theological voluntarism things tion tive true University Press utilitarianism view that ethical virtue virtuous activity