Language disorder (aphasia) and its relation to brain pathology have been the subject of intensive study for more than a century, with theory frequently predominating in the growing body of research, often to the detriment of clinical and methodological precision. This book, which is based on Dr. Tonkonogy's work over 30 years in aphasia and related neurological matters, provides an unusually rich and detailed account of the symptoms and syndromes of the aphasias, from both clinical and brain science perspectives, with localization data reliably gained by postmortem examination. It is intended as a clinical guide in vascular aphasia diagnosis for neurologists, speech therapists, psychiatrists, neuropsychologists, and psycholinguists.Vascular Aphasia describes Dr. Tonkonogy's unique collection of clinicopathological cases, including cases with bilateral lesion in Broca's area and transient aphasia, small lesion in Wernicke's area and anomic-sensory aphasia, and the first anatomical case of global aprosody. And it offers a new approach to aphasia evaluation based on the contemporary study of language disorders in their relation to the vascular brain pathology, replacing the obsolete yet still widespread Wernicke-Lichtheim's classification of aphasia developed in the last century.The book is primarily concerned with the problem of aphasia assessment in relation to the site as well as the size, extension, and type of cerebral lesion in stroke victims. Special attention is directed to a description of the different combinations of aphasic symptoms and syndromes and their localization value in the acute and chronic cerebral vascular aphasia due to cerebral infarct or hemorrhage.Joseph M. Tonkonogy is Chief Neurologist and Professor of Neurology, VA. Medical Center, Northampton, Massachusetts. He has worked closely with A. Luria and for many years was Chairman of the Department of Neurology at the Beehterev Psychoneurological Institute in Lenigrad. A Bradford Book.
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Holistic Theory of Aphasia Classification
Rating Scale for Aphasia Symptoms
Articulation Aphasia and Motor Dysprosody
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acute stage adjacent agnosia alienation of word anatomical anomia anomic-sensory aphasia aphasia syndromes aphasic aphonia apraxia aprosody articulation aphasia auditory brain Broca's aphasia Broca's area Buccofacial cerebral infarction clinical conversational speech developed difficulty disturbed dynamic aphasia dysarthria edema expressive speech gesture global aphasia gyri hemihypesthesia hemiparesis Heschl's gyri insula internal capsule language disorder language zone left hemisphere left middle cerebral lesion literal paraphasias logorrhea Luria middle cerebral artery mild moderate Mohr motor aphasia motor dysprosody motor strip pars opercularis patients with aphasia patients with Broca's phonemes phonemic-sensory aphasia phonological analysis phrases posterior aphasia preserved repetition aphasia right hemisphere Rolandic operculum sensory aphasia severe Broca's aphasia severe Wernicke's aphasia simple commands small functional words speech disorder stage of stroke subcortical structures supramarginal gyrus syllables symptoms temporal gyrus thalamic hemorrhages third frontal gyrus Tonkonogy transient types of aphasia verbal paraphasias vowels Wernicke's aphasia Wernicke's area white matter word meaning