Hadrian's Wall: some aspects of its post-Roman influence on the landscape
Commentators throughout the ages have recorded the dismantling of Hadrian's Wall until sections were no more than a stone quarry. The main aim of this study is to explore where the wall has gone to, who robbed it, when, and for what reason. Whitworth discusses the various buildings and structures that have reused the stone, evidence for reoccupation of forts, place-names, documentary sources, travellers' accounts and modern archaeological research. He shows that, while Anglo-Saxons exploited the stone for their ecclesiastical buildings and this use was extended after the Norman Conquest, most of the damage was done within the last 300 years. This fascinating guide to northern England covers a large geographical area and 1500 years of history and clearly demonstrates that the wall did not become redundant after the withdrawal of the Romans but continued to influence the manmade and natural landscape.
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God King and Countryside
Legislation and Recording
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12th century 1st Series 2nd Series AA 4th Series adjacent Anglo-Saxon antiquarian archaeological bastle house Bede Benwell Birdoswald Birley boundary Britain Britannia Bruce built of Roman built of Wall Burgh-by-Sands called Carlisle Carvoran castle century date charter Chesterholm Chesters close construction Corbridge cottage Cumberland Cumbria demolished Denton Drumburgh Durham early east erected evidence Excavations fabric facing stones farm buildings Farmhouse field wall forts Gilsland Grundy Hadrian's Wall Halton Haverfield Heddon-on-the-Wall Hexham Abbey Hill Hodgson Horsley Horsley's map Housesteads Jarrow land landscape Lanercost Priory longer visible manor milecastle milecastle 52 Military Road Newcastle Norman Northumberland Northumbria parish pele tower Pevsner place-names re-used Roman re-used Wall stone recorded referred Roman buildings Roman stone Rudchester ruins Sandstone sculpture Sewingshields Shield Shown on Horsley's shows soil Stanwix stone robbing structures survey surviving TCWAAS turret Tyne Upper Denton utilised Vallum Vindolanda Wallsend Willowford