The Internet's Coming of Age

Front Cover

What most of us know as "the Internet" is actually a set of largely autonomous, loosely coordinated communication networks. As the influence of the Internet continues to grow, understanding its real nature is imperative to acting on a wide range of policy issues.

This timely new book explains basic design choices that underlie the Internet's success, identifies key trends in the evolution of the Internet, evaluates current and prospective technical, operational, and management challenges, and explores the resulting implications for decision makers. The committee-composed of distinguished leaders from both the corporate and academic community-makes recommendations aimed at policy makers, industry, and researchers, going on to discuss a variety of issues:

  • How the Internet's constituent parts are interlinked, and how economic and technical factors make maintaining the Internet's seamless appearance complicated.
  • How the Internet faces scaling challenges as it grows to meet the demands of users in the future.
  • Tensions inherent between open innovation on the Internet and the ability of innovators to capture the commercial value of their breakthroughs.
  • Regulatory issues posed by the Internet's entry into other sectors, such as telephony.
  

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Contents

INTRODUCTION
18
Why Focus on Information Technology?
20
What Is Information Technology Research?
23
A Classification of Information Technology Research
26
The Changing Environment for Information Technology Research
29
Changing Industrial Structure
30
Expanding Applications of Information Technology
33
Implications for Information Technology Research
37
Trustworthiness
114
Distributed Operation and Administration
118
Limitations of Past Research
119
Toward an Expanded Systems Research Agenda
124
Designing a Research Program
126
Moving Forward
133
References
134
Notes
136

Implications for the Research Enterprise
42
Organization of This Report
44
Notes
45
RESOURCES FOR INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY RESEARCH
48
Diversity in the Research Base
49
Federal Support for Information Technology Research
51
Trends in Federal Funding
52
Sources of Federal Support
56
Styles of Federal Support
58
Federal Information Technology Research Programs
60
Industry Support for Information Technology Research
64
Trends in Industry Support
66
Disincentives to Corporate Investment in Research and Development
70
A Countertrend in Central Research Laboratories
76
Systems Integration
79
Research by EndUser Organizations
82
Venture Capital Support for Innovation
85
University Research
87
Trends in Support for University Research
88
Gaps in Academic Research
90
Commercialization of University Research
91
Conclusion
93
Notes
95
RESEARCH ON LARGESCALE SYSTEMS
99
What Is the Problem with LargeScale Systems?
100
Technical Challenges Associated with LargeScale Systems
107
Large Scale
108
Heterogeneity
110
Flexibility
111
RESEARCH MOTIVATED BY SOCIAL APPLICATIONS OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY
142
Social Applications of Information Technology
144
Research Challenges in Social Applications of Information Technology
148
Group Applications
149
Knowledge Management
150
Commerce
151
Coordination and Control
152
Common Challenges
153
Conducting Research on Social Applications
155
New Research Teams
157
Mechanisms for Social Applications Research
160
Industry Internships and Sabbaticals
166
Interdisciplinary Research in Academia
168
Interdisciplinary Research in Industry
179
Multidisciplinary Research Centers
180
Embedding Information Technology Research in Other Disciplines
185
Expanding the Scope of Information Technology Research
187
Notes
190
EXPANDING THE SCALE AND SCOPE OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY RESEARCH
195
Recommendations for Government
197
Recommendations for Universities
206
Recommendations for Industry
209
Conclusion
211
Bibliography
212
Two Research Topics Involving Social Applications
217
Biographies of Committee Members
224
INDEX
233
Copyright

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Page 11 - Education (ED) but also from other federal agencies, such as the Department of Health and Human Services' Head Start program and the Department of Agriculture's School Lunch program.
Page 17 - Dean of the School of Information Management and Systems at the University of California at Berkeley.