Improving air quality in metropolitan Mexico City: an economic evaluation
Walter Vergara, Mexico Air Quality Management Team, World Bank. Latin America and the Caribbean Regional Office. Environmentally and Socially Sustainable Development
World Bank Latin America and the Caribbean Region, Environmentally and Socially Sustainable Development Sector Unit, 2002 - Science - 51 pages
The annual health benefits of a 10 percent reduction in ozone and PM10 in Mexico City, conservatively estimated, are approximately $760 million (in 1999 U.S. dollars) annually. Reducing PM10 has larger estimated health benefits than reducing ozone, with each microgram per cubic centimeter reduction in PM10 worth about $100 million per year.
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activity days Total acute exposure air pollution reduction air quality standard Ambiental annual average AQS1 AQS2 benefit transfer capital losses mortality Cardiocerebrovascular Cesar chronic exposure Congestive heart failure Contingent Valuation Cost of Illness Cough with phlegm Cough without phlegm daily 1-hour maximum days Total adults Distrito Federal Dockery economic valuation Effects in asthmatics Emergency room visits environmental contingencies Health benefit estimate health effects health impacts Hospital admission Respiratory human capital losses Loss+ COI WTP losses for mortality Lower respiratory symptoms meta-analysis Mexico City Minor restricted activity morbidity Chronic bronchitis Morbidity Prod mortality associated number of days ozone and PM10 ozone concentrations particles percent reduction phlegm children PM10 and ozone PMi0 PMio pollution reduction scenarios productivity losses random-effects model Reference Scenario restricted activity days room visits Respiratory station studies Table timates U.S. EPA values in 1999 willingness to pay World Bank WTP estimates WTP for mortality YOLL ZMVM