The Three Yugoslavias: State-building and Legitimation, 1918-2005

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Indiana University Press, 2006 - History - 817 pages
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Yugoslavia exploded onto the front pages of world newspapers in the early 1990s. The War of Yugoslav Succession of 1991–1995 convinced many that interethnic violence was endemic to politics in Yugoslavia and that the Yugoslav meltdown had occurred because of ancient hatreds. In this thematic history of Yugoslavia in the 20th century, Sabrina P. Ramet demonstrates that, on the contrary, the instability of the three 20th-century Yugoslav states—the interwar kingdom (1918–41), socialist Yugoslavia (1945–91), and the rump Yugoslav state created in 1992, consisting of Serbia and Montenegro—can be attributed to the failure of succeeding governments to establish the rule of law and political legitimacy. Ramet places emphasis on the failure of the state-building project and the absence of political legitimation, rather than on ineluctable or abstract historical forces. Based on extensive archival research and fieldwork and the culmination of more than two decades of study, The Three Yugoslavias is a major contribution to an understanding of Yugoslavia and its successor states.

  

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Contents

Introduction
1
A Theory of System Legitimacy
13
The Kingdom of Serbs Croats and Slovenes 19181929
35
The Kingdom of Yugoslavia 19291941
79
World War Two and the Partisan Struggle 19411945
113
Happy Comrades? Tito Stalin and the Birth of the Second Yugoslavia 19451951
163
Dreaming a New Dream 19501962
185
The Reform Crisis 19621970
207
The War of Yugoslav Succession Phase 1 1991
381
The War of Yugoslav Succession Phase 2 19921995
413
PostDayton Bosnia
471
The Third Yugoslavia and After 19922005
495
UNMIK KFOR and the Future of Kosovo
537
Slovenia Macedonia Croatia
553
Conclusion
597
Abbreviations and Acronyms Used in the Notes and Bibliography
607

The Rise and Fall of Yugoslav Liberalism 19671973
227
Controversies in the Economic Sector 19651990
263
Nationalist Tensions 19681990
285
A Crisis of Legitimacy 19741989
325
Hail Caesar The Rise of Slobodan Milosevid
341
The Road to War
363
Notes
609
Selected Bibliography
747
Index
775
About the Author
819
Copyright

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About the author (2006)

Sabrina P. Ramet is Professor of Political Science at the Norwegian University of Science and Technology in Trondheim, Norway, and Senior Associate of the Centre for the Study of Civil War of the Peace Research Institute in Oslo (PRIO). She is the author of eight previous books, including Nationalism and Federalism in Yugoslavia (IUP, 1992).

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