Bose-Einstein Condensation: An Introduction (Google eBook)
Among the most remarkable effects that quantum mechanics adds to the catalog of the thermal properties of matter is "condensation" of an ideal gas of identical particles into a single quantum state, the principle of which was discovered in the theory of statistical mechanics by Bose and Einstein in the 1920s. Bose-Einstein condensation (BEC) is a mechanism for producing a macroscopic quantum system, and is exemplary of the macroscopic quantum phenomena of superconductivity and superfluidity.These 15 papers provide an introduction to current work on BEC.
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adiabatic alkali amplitude angular momentum approximation aspect ratio asymptotic basis-set Bogoliubov Bose gas Bose-Einstein condensation boson bound Burnett calculated channel chemical potential cloud coherent collision coupling defined density matrix described detuning dipole discuss distribution effect electronic excited experimental Franck-Condon factor frequency gases given Gross-Pitaevskii equation ground state wavefunction Hamiltonian Hulet hyperfine Institute of Standards interaction Journal of Research kinetic energy laser laser cooling Lett loss rate magnetic field matrix elements mean-field measure method molecular molecules National Institute NIST node noninteracting nonlinear Schrodinger equation number of particles obtained optical oscillator p-wave P. S. Julienne parameters photoassociation photons Phys Physics quantum numbers range rate coefficient resonance scattering length shows solution spatial spectra spin spin-orbit spin-polarized spin-relaxation spin-spin Standards and Technology superfluid Technol theory thermal Thomas-Fermi Thomas-Fermi approximation tion trapped atoms two-body variational velocity vortex wave function wavefunction zero
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