Remote Sensing in Northern Hydrology: Measuring Environmental Change
Claude R. Dugua, Alain Pietroniro
Wiley, Jan 14, 2005 - Technology & Engineering - 160 pages
Published by the American Geophysical Union as part of the Geophysical Monograph Series, Volume 163.
The North, with its vast and varied landscapes, sparse population, and cold climate has always challenged its explorers: physically, mentally, logistically, and technically. The scientific community in particular has known such challenges in the past and does so today, especially in light of the projected intensification of climate change at high latitudes. Indeed, there are clear signs that change is already ongoing in many environmental variables: Air temperature and annual precipitation (including snowfall) are increasing in many regions; spring snow cover extent is decreasing; lake and river ice freeze-up dates are occurring later and breakup dates earlier; glaciers are retreating rapidly; permafrost temperatures are increasing and, in many cases, the permafrost is thawing; and sea-ice extent is at record minimums and thinning.
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Remote Sensing of Glaciers and Ice Sheets
Ice Characteristics and Processes and Remote Sensing of Frozen Rivers and Lakes
Satellite Remote Sensing of Permafrost and Seasonally Frozen Ground
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active layer active microwave airborne Alaska albedo algorithm Antarctica applications Arctic areas aufeis AVHRR backscatter bands basin Bindschadler break-up brightness temperature C-band Canada CryoSat detection dielectric Dozier Duguay emissivity ERS-1 SAR estimates evaporation evapotranspiration facies Figure freezing frozen ground Geophys Geosci Glacial glacier Greenland Greenland ice sheet Hydrol hydrological ice cover ice sheet IEEE Trans imagery incidence angle infrared Jeffries lake ice Landsat Landsat TM mapping measurements melt microwave remote sensing MODIS monitoring northern environments Northern Hydrology open water optical passive microwave Periglacial permafrost polar Prowse Radarsat RADARSAT-1 Radiometer reflectance regions remote sensing remotely sensed data retrieval river ice SAR data SAR images satellite data seasonal Sens sensors snow and ice snow cover snow depth snow-covered snowpack soil moisture spaceborne spatial resolution spectral SSM/I studies surface temperature synthetic aperture radar techniques Teshekpuk Lake thaw thermal tion Ulaby vegetation wavelengths wetlands winter zones