Patents, Citations, and Innovations: A Window on the Knowledge Economy

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MIT Press, 2002 - Law - 478 pages
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Innovation and technological change, long recognized as the main drivers of long-term economic growth, are elusive notions that are difficult to conceptualize and even harder to measure in a consistent, systematic way. This book demonstrates the usefulness of patents and citations data as a window on the process of technological change and as a powerful tool for research on the economics of innovation. Patent records contain a wealth of information, including the inventors' identity, location, and employer, as well as the technological field of the invention. Patents also contain citation references to previous patents, which allow one to trace links across inventions.The book lays out the conceptual foundations for such research and provides a range of interesting applications, such as examining the geographic pattern of knowledge spillovers and evaluating the impact of university and government patenting. It also describes statistical tools designed to handle methodological problems raised by the patent and citation processes. The book includes a CD with complete data on 3 million patents with more than 16 million citations and a range of author-devised measures of the importance, generality, and originality of patented innovations.

  

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专利:专利,引用和创新

Review: Patents, Citations, and Innovations: A Window on the Knowledge Economy

User Review  - Maikel - Goodreads

The basic work on citation analysis to measure knowledge flows and spillovers. If you want to do research in this field, you need to read this. Read full review

Contents

Patent Citations and the Value
25
A Window on
51
An Empirical Assessment
89
Geographic Localization of Knowledge Spillovers as Evidenced
155
Flows of Knowledge from Universities and Federal
179
Evidence from Patent
199
A Detailed
237
Evidence from Patents and Patent Citations on the Impact
261
Patent Policy and
287
A Comparative Analysis Using
337
Report on the NBERCase
379
Lessons Insights
403
Sources
461
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About the author (2002)

Adam B. Jaffe is Fred C. Hecht Professor in Economics and Dean of Arts and Sciences atBrandeis University.

Manuel Trajtenberg is Chair of the Eitan Berglas School of Economics at Tel Aviv University,Research Associate of the NBER, Research Fellow of the Center for Economic Policy Research inLondon, and Research Fellow of the Canadian Institute of Advanced Research.

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