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The Structure and Properties of Slags
4 The Viscosity of Liquid Slags 3 5 Departures
18 other sections not shown
acid activity coefficient alumina Amer amount anions atmosphere atoms basic oxides bath binary blast furnace bond bubbles calcium calculated carbon boil carbon content carbon dioxide carbon monoxide cation charge chipman chromium coke component concentration decreases deoxidisers diffusion dilute effect elements Engrs enthalpy entropy equation equilibrium constant experimental ferrous oxide Figure formation hearth heat Henry's law hydrogen ibid increased Inst ionic iron oxides Iron St layer lime liquid iron liquid slag lowered manganese oxide melts mixing mixture molar free energy mole fraction nitrogen obtained open-hearth open-hearth process oxidised oxygen content oxygen ions oxygen potential partial pressure phosphorus pure raised range Raoult's law rapidly ratio reaction rate reduction refining relation removed saturated silica silicon sinter SiO2 slag slag and metal slag-metal interface solid solubility steel steel-making sulphur sulphur content surface temperature ternary system thermal thermodynamic titanium Trans transfer viscosity weight-per cent whilst