Individualism and collectivism: theory, method, and applications
Individualism and collectivism has become one of the major means of comparison between societies in cross-cultural psychology and other comparative disciplines. Scholars seek to explain why some societies, largely non-Western Asian ones, focus on the collective nature of social obligation while traditional Western psychology focuses on the primacy of the individual. In this volume, experts from a variety of disciplines, perspectives, and nationalities address the individualism/collectivism issue, examining its theoretical underpinnings and current trends, the state of the art in current research on this topic, and the social and practical implications of our understanding of this dimension of human activity. A foreword by Geert Hofstede, who conducted the original research on this topic, provides a context for the other contributions. Individualism and Collectivism will be of interest to scholars and advanced students in cross-cultural psychology, psychological anthropology, and related cross-cultural disciplines.
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ACP: Theory of Multicultural Counselling and Therapy
Derald Wing Sue,Allen E. Ivey,Paul Pedersen
No preview available - 2007
Theoretical and Methodological Approaches to the Study
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achievement motivation allocentrism analysis attitudes Autonomy behavior beliefs Berry Chapter Chinese culture clan coexistence cognitive COLINDEX collective Collectivism Scale collectivist cultures collectivist orientation collectivist values components concept Confucianism Conservatism context correlated Cronbach's alpha cross-cultural psychology defined dimensions East Germany ecological economic Egalitarian Commitment emphasize empirical employees expected factors goals harmony Hebei hierarchy Hofstede Hofstede's Hong Kong idiocentric important in-group INDCOL Scale Indian indicate individual level individual-level individualism and collectivism individualist and collectivist individualist values interaction interests interpersonal IOAM Japan Japanese Kagitcibasi Korean culture Leung mean modern multimethod nations network activities norms occupational welfare organization parents pattern Poland power distance relatedness relationships responses samples Schwartz scores self-reliance Sinha SOAM Social Psychology social support society structure subjects Table theoretical tion traditional Triandis University urban value types variables versus vidualism volume yangban