When his party won the legislature he became speaker, the youngest man except one who ever held that office.

In 1893 Mr. Sheehan had risen to great prominence in the state. He had been speaker of the Assembly in 1891, had been nominated for lieutenant governor on the ticket headed by Roswell P. Flower for the election of that year and had been elected, although only 32 years old.

In 1893 a tidal Republican wave swept over the state, and the Democratic machine went crashing to defeat. When Mr. Sheehan's term as lieutenant governor ended the next year he decided to move to New York. He said in his farewell speech from the desk of the presiding officer of the Senate that he was leaving Albany in debt. He came to New York and opened a law office with Charles A. Collin, a professor of Cornell, who had been legal adviser to Governor Hill and Governor Flower. In less than ten years Mr. Sheehan had made a comfortable fortune. His firm was counsel for many railroads and other corporations.

In 1904 Mr. Sheehan came back into politics as manager of the Parker Presidential campaign. In 1905 he entered the firm of Parker, Hatch & Sheehan, his associates being former Judge Alton B. Parker and former Judge Edward W. Hatch. In 1911 he once more took a hand at politics and made a vigorous campaign for United States Senator from New York. He had strong statewide support within his party, but a fighting minority blocked his nomination and James A. O'Gorman was chosen as the compromise candidate. Mr. Sheehan continued the practice of law in New York City and since January 1, 1916, he had been a member of the law firm of Ingraham, Sheehan & Moran.

Funeral services were held at St. Patrick's Cathedral at 10 o'clock March 16.

His remains were removed to Buffalo where further services were held and a distinguished cortege accompanied his body to the grave.

THE GREAT WAR.

With the declaration of a state of war between Germany and the United States of America, made by the Congress on April 6, 1917, the American Irish will participate in new history that will prove thrilling to many of us, interesting to all of us.

The country is rapidly making progress towards sending very large bodies of troops to the front in France, and the Navy will be exercised on patrol duty, convoying merchantmen and troop transports and also, perhaps, in active engagements with either submarines or heavier German craft.

Members of the American Irish Historical Society who participate in this war should remember that the record of their service is a part of that record of America Irish history which this Society wishes to preserve and record in this Journal. Therefore,' we ask that the enlistment or participation in any form of any of our members be communicated to the Secretary-General, Mr. Edward H. Daly, No. 52 Wall Street, New York City, that record may be made of it, and that we may take proper steps to perpetuate, in due historical form, the services of our members. AMERICAN IRISH AND THE WAR.

Mccormack.—At No. 98 Pacific Avenue, Newark, N. J., lives Patrick McCormick, born in Ireland. He is the father of nine sons. Three have enlisted as volunteers. Two tried but were rejected for physical disabilities. The other four boys are not old enough to be accepted as soldiers. But if the war lasts long enough, they and their father say the younger boys will be seeking service to defend the United States of America.

Mcnamara.—To County Mayo, in well deserved retirement went Michael McNamara, having served thirty years in the United States Marine Corps. He was a Sergeant-Major at his retirement. When the United States declared war, Michael McNamara hastened to return, on the steamship St. Louis, to offer his services as a volunteer in the United States Marine Corps. He paid his fare cheerfully and, despite the fact that he was past fifty years of age, his physical condition was sound, and Michael McNamara donned again the uniform of the U. S. M. C. to do his share for the land and the flag that he had served for thirty years.

S1nnott.—Rev. Walter J. Sinnott of Utica, a student in the American College at Rome, of Irish blood, volunteered to serve as a Chaplain with the United States forces in France. He was ordained a year ahead of his fixed time for the purpose and will take up his duties at once.

Mcnally.—Rev. E. T. McNally, pastor of St. Andrew's Catholic Church, Sibley, Iowa, applied for permission to join the officers' training camp at Fort Snelling. Father McNally obtained the consent of his Bishop, Right Reverend P. J. Garrigan of Sioux City, and said, referring to his intentions:

I was born in Boston, almost in the shadow of the statue of Paul Revere. I have been educated to love the cradle of liberty. The fighting blood (the Irish) is in me, and this probably will be my best chance to use it. I am going to fight for America, and I am going to do double duty.

By double duty, Father McNally meant that while he would serve as an officer of the line, for which he was training, he would likewise act as a priest among the soldiers.

Gallagher.—The little island of St. James, one of the group of Beaver Islands in Lake Michigan, was settled by fishermen from Galway, many of whom were named Gallagher. They were led by their pastor, a genuine "soggarth aroon," likewise named Gallagher. The little village of St. James now contains more than five hundred people. These Irish Gallaghers are to be represented at the front in the war.

V1ctor1a Crosses.—Of the first ninety Victoria Crosses awarded in the war, thirty-six were given to Irishmen. When the awards for distinguished or daring service are distributed by the President or by Congress in the present war, we shall find, without doubt, that men of Irish blood will win a large share.

Brady.—Rev. John J. Brady, a native New Yorker, born in the parish of St. Gabriel's (East Thirty-seventh Street, Manhattan), served for some years as an assistant pastor at St. Veronica's Church, Christopher Street, Manhattan, then was appointed Chaplain in the United States Navy in 1914. Father Brady was transferred in the early part of 1917 to the Marine Corps and went with the first contingent of American troops to France. Father Brady is Irish through and through, by blood and by name.

Br1ckley.—Mrs. Brickley of Boston is the mother of the famous football player, Charles Brickley of Harvard University. The Brickleys are Irish. William J. Brickley, her oldest son, joined the United States Navy. George Brickley joined an army medical unit. Charles Brickley was in the first camp for training of officers for the army, at Plattsburgh. Joseph Brickley is training with the army unit formed at Norwich University. The fifth Brickley boy is too young for service. Mrs. Brickley said:

As a mother, I am proud to have such boys and I feel that they are going to be a credit to their country as they have been to me. We shall be grief stricken when they leave, but somehow I feel that they will all come back to me. If not, it will be God's will. I am doing my duty as an American mother, and I know that my boys will perform theirs as Americans.

Nothing nobler than the words of Mrs. Brickley have been uttered in the war.

ANNUAL FIELD DAY AT BOSTON,
AUGUST 10, 1917.

The Field Day exercises will be held in Boston and vicinity on Friday, August 10, under the direction of the following committee, which has been appointed by President-General Clarke, to wit:

William T. A. Fitzgerald, Chairman

Brookline, Mass.

Hon

Desmond FitzGerald,
John J. Keenan,
James O'Sullivan,
Dr. John F. Croston,
Hon. John J. Hogan,
Patrick L. Hughes,
Bernard J. Joyce,
Hon. Joseph F. O'Connell,
Patrick O'Loughlin,
Hon. Joseph C. Pelletier,
Dr. Michael F. Sullivan,
Michael J. Jordan,
Hon. John ]. White,
Hon. Thomas B. Fitzpatrick,
James H. Devlin, Jr.,
F. L. Dunne,
Hon. D. V. Mclsaac,
Dr. James T. Gallagher,
Michael H. Cox,
Capt. John E. Gilman,
Alfred M. Barrett,
Michael J. O'Brien,
Edward H. Daly,

Boston, Mass.
Lowell, Mass.
Haverhill, Mass.
Lowell, Mass.
Winthrop, Mass.
Boston, Mass.
Boston, Mass.
Boston, Mass.
Boston, Mass.
Lawrence, Mass.
Boston, Mass.
Holyoke, Mass.
Boston, Mass.
Allston, Mass.
Boston, Mass.
Boston, Mass.
Boston, Mass.
Boston, Mass.
Boston, Mass.
New York City
New York City
New York City

The members and their guests will assemble in front of the main entrance of the Boston Public Library in Copley Square at nine o'clock a. m. on Friday, August 10. An opportunity will be offered to inspect the Library, and then a trip will be made in sight-seeing automobiles to the Old South Meeting House (where colonists disguised as Indians assembled to organize for the Boston Tea Party); thence to the birthplace of Benjamin Franklin; the Old State House; the site of the Boston Massacre; Faneuil Hall; the Old North Church (from which Paul Revere caused the lanterns to be hung to enable him to warn the colonists of the march of the British on April 19, 1775) and Bunker Hill Monu

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