Biochemistry of Plant Secondary Metabolism
CRC Press, Sep 21, 1999 - Science - 374 pages
The secondary metabolites of plants were once considered to be waste products - today, their true value is understood. New methods of separation and structural elucidation, and advances in the investigation of biochemical activities, have increased our understanding of secondary metabolites. Their function as a defense mechanisms offers a great potential for technological gain.
Secondary metabolites can be utilized in agriculture to breed stronger crops and in the manufacture of biorational pesticides. They can also be exploited by medicine as theraputic agents. And these are just two of the likely uses.
This landmark volume presents articles by an impressive team of experts from leading laboratories. Each chapter considers a current understanding of secondary metabolites in nature and the potential exploitation of those qualities by the biotechnology industry.
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biochemistry role and biotechnology
Biosynthesis of cyanogenic glycosides glucosinolates
accumulation activity acylated alcohol alkaloids amino acids anthocyanins Arabidopsis thaliana betalains betanidin Biochem Biochemistry Biol Biophys biosynthesis biosynthetic pathway Brassica cardenolide cardiac glycosides cassava catalyzed cDNA cell cultures cell suspension cultures Chem cloning co-workers coenzyme compounds Conn coumarins Croteau cyanide cyanogenesis cyanogenic glucosides cyclization cytochrome P450 dehydrogenase derived dhurrin Digitalis lanata digitoxigenin diphosphate diterpene encoding enzymatic enzyme enzymes involved esters flavonoids Forkmann formation function gene glucose glucosinolates glucosylation glucosyltransferase Grisebach Halkier herbivores higher plants HMGR hydroxylation hydroxynitrile intermediates isolated isoprenoid Kreis lignans Lupinus lyases metabolism methylation mevalonate microsomal moiety molecular monoterpene myrosinase NADPH Nahrstedt NPAAs occur oxidation p-glucosidases phenylpropanoid phytoalexin Phytochemistry pinoresinol Plant Cell Plant Mol Plant Physiol precursor prenyltransferases protein Purification and characterization reaction reductase root cultures roseus saponins secondary metabolites seedlings Selmar sequence sesquiterpene side chain Sorghum species steroid sterol Strack structures studies substrate synthesis terpene terpenoids tissue transferase vacuole Zenk