Voting for Peace: Postconflict Elections in Liberia (Google eBook)
Elections have been used as a mechanism to institutionalize a new political order following internal conflict in Cambodia, El Salvador, Angola, Mozambique, Bosnia, and now Liberia. This book analyzes the Liberian transition and the July 1997 elections in order to better understand the relationship between war termination and transitions to democracy and the role post-conflict elections play in promoting both of these goals. The Liberian elections represented the final stage of a seven-year, West African-led peace process. An overwhelming majority voted for former factional leader Charles Taylor in the belief that if Taylor did not win, war would erupt again. The Liberian transition demonstrates that post-conflict elections may play an important role in a process of war termination. In many cases, it may be necessary to move forward with war termination and "imperfect" elections in the short run and pursue goals relating to democratization after the new government has been put in place. This studyuses a detailed examination of the difficult Liberian case to highlight the more general challenges of helping countries make the transition from civil conflict and authoritarian rule to peace and democracy. Studies in Foreign Policy
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1997 elections Abacha Abuja Accord Africa ConfidentiaL Africa Report Agence France-Presse Angola April assistance August Bosnia Cambodia campaign Carter Center cease-fire civil civilian Cote d'lvoire Cotonou Council demobilization Democracy Development Doe's ECOMOG ECOWAS elec Elections in Liberia electoral Ethnic factional leaders fighting forces Friends of Liberia Gbarnga goals groups human rights IECOM IGNU implementation institutions interim government internal conflicts international community intervention Journalof July Krahn Kromah large numbers Liberian crisis Liberian election ment military Mission in Liberia Monrovia Mozambique National Patriotic Front Nations Observer Mission negotiated Nigeria Nimba County NPFL organizations peace agreement peacekeepers Policy political parties polling postconflict elections President refugees regime Regional Peace-Keeping registration role Salvador Sierra Leone Sirleaf society Special Elections termination and democratization Terrence Lyons tion Transitional Government ULIMO ULIMO-K United Nations United Nations Observer Unity Party University Press UNOMIL vote voters Washington West Africa Yamoussoukro
Page vi - The views expressed in this book are those of the author and should not be ascribed to the people whose assistance is acknowledged above, to the organizations that supported the project, or to the trustees, officers, or staff members of the Brookings Institution.