The Oxford Handbook of the State in the Ancient Near East and Mediterranean
Peter Fibiger Bang, Walter Scheidel
Oxford University Press, Jan 31, 2013 - History - 555 pages
This Handbook offers a comprehensive survey of ancient state formation in western Eurasia and North Africa. Eighteen experts introduce readers to a wide variety of systems spanning 4,000 years, from the earliest known states in world history to the Roman Empire and its successors. It seeks to understand the inner workings of these states by focusing on key issues: political and military power, mechanisms of cooperation, coercion, and exploitation, the impact of ideologies, and the rise and demise of individual polities. This shared emphasis on critical institutions and dynamics invites comparative and cross-cultural perspectives. A detailed introductory review of contemporary approaches to the study of the state puts the rich historical case studies in context. Transcending conventional boundaries between ancient Near Eastern and Mediterranean history and between ancient and early medieval history, this volume is of interest not only to historians but also to anthropologists, archaeologists, sociologists, and political scientists. An accessible style and up-to-date references make it an invaluable resource for scholars, students, and general readers alike.
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Achaemenid Achaemenid empire administrative Aegean agricultural Anatolia ancient Near East archaeological aristocracy army Assyrian Athenian Athens authority Babylonia became Bronze Age bureaucratic Byzantine Cambridge Carthage Carthaginian central century BCE citizens city—states civil Classical communities complex conquest court cult cultural dominant dynasty early eastern economic Egypt Egyptian elite emperor empire evidence fifth century formation fourth century Greece Greek groups Hansen Hasmonean Hattusa Hellenistic Hittite ideology Iewish imperial important inscriptions institutions Iran Iranian Islamic Kassite king king’s kingdom kingship Knossos koinon land late later Mediterranean Mesopotamia military millennium BCE Mitanni monarchy multicity Mycenaean officials ofthe organization Oxford palace Parthian period Persian poleis polis political Polybius population provinces Ptolemaic Pylos region religious republic role Roman Roman republic Rome royal rule rulers Sasanian Scheidel Seleukid settlements social society Sparta state’s structure Syria taxes temple territory tion traditional urban Uruk Zimrilim