Photobiology: The Science of Light and Life

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Lars Olof Björn
Springer Science & Business Media, Jan 1, 2002 - Medical - 451 pages
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Photobiology - the science of light and life - begins with basic principles and the physics of light and continues with general photobiological research methods, such as generation of light, measurement of light, and action spectroscopy. In an interdisciplinary way, it then treats how organisms tune their pigments and structures to the wavelength components of light, and how light is registered by organisms. Then follow various examples of photobiological phenomena: the design of the compound eye in relation to the properties of light, phototoxicity, photobiology of the human skin and of vitamin D, photomorphogenesis, photoperiodism, the setting of the biological clock by light, and bioluminescence. A final chapter is devoted to teaching experiments and demonstrations in photobiology.
This book encompasses topics from a diverse array of traditional disciplines: physics, biochemistry, medicine, zoology, botany, microbiology, etc., and makes different aspects of photobiology accessible to experts in all these areas as well as to the novice. It is intended primarily for graduate students and for researchers who wish to look outside their speciality, but can also act as a source of information for undergraduate students.
  

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Contents

The Nature of Light and its Interaction with Matter
1
Principles and Nomenclature for the Quantification of light
37
Generation and Control of Light
45
The Measurement of Light
65
Natural Light
87
Action Spectroscopy in Biology
97
Spectral Tuning in Biology
115
The Photochemical Reactions in Biological Light Perception
153
Ozone Depletion and Effects of Ultraviolet Radiation
239
Vitamin D
265
The Photobiology of Human Skin
281
Photomorphpgenesis and Photoperiodism in Plants
299
The Biological Clock and its Resetting by Light
335
Bioluminescence
389
Hints for Teaching Experiments and Demonstrations
411
Subject and Organism Index
441

The Design of the Compound Eye
181
Phototoxicity
219

Common terms and phrases

Bibliographic information