A Poetics of Courtly Male Friendship in Heian Japan
Western scholars have tended to read Heian literature through the prism of female experience, stressing the imbalance of power in courtship and looking for evidence that women hoped to move beyond the constraints of marriage politics. Paul Schalow's original and challenging work inherits these concerns about the transcendence of love and carries them into a new realm of inquiry - the suffering of noblemen and the literary record of their hopes for transcendence through friendship. He traces this recurring theme, which he labels courtly male friendship, in five important literary works ranging from the tenth-century Tale of Ise to the early eleventh-century Tale of Genji. Whether authored by men or women, the depictions of male friendship addressed in this work convey the differing perspectives of male and female authors profoundly shaped by their gender roles in the court aristocracy.
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Paradigms of Friendship in the Tale oflse
Poetic Sequences in the Kagero Diary
Two Cranes Flying Wing to Wing
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Anegimi Aritsune Aritsune's Arntzen Bo Ju-yi Broom Tree narrative capital Chinese verse Chujo Consort context couplets courtly male friendship daughter death depiction of male desire Eighth Prince Emperor Emperor Murakami Emperor Reizei Emperor Suzaku episode 16 episode 82 erotic adventure expresses father feelings female Fujitsubo Fujiwara Gen no Naishi Genji monogatari Heian court Heian period Heichu hero hero's Hitachi Princess Ibid imperial intimacy Ise monogatari Ise's Japanese Japanese Literature Kagerd Diary Kaneie Kaneie's kanshi Kaoru Kawaguchi Kinto's Kiritsubo narrative Kogimi Kokinshu Koremitsu koto lady lover male friend male friendship Minister Murasaki Nakanokimi Narihira narrator night Niou Niou's Oigimi Poems to Sing poet poetic exchange poetic sequence poetry political Prince Noriakira Prince's Reizei reply Rokujo scene Seidensticker sexual rivalry sister Suetsumuhana suggests Suma Tale ofGenji Tayu tion Tokonatsu/Yugao tomo topic translation Ukifune Utsusemi waka Wakan woman women Yamato Yugao Yugiri Zhong Ziqi