Animal Intelligence: Experimental Studies (Google eBook)

Front Cover
Transaction Publishers, 1965 - Psychology - 297 pages
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Animal Intelligence is a consolidated record of Edward L. Thorndike's theoretical and empirical contributions to the comparative psychology of learning. Thorndike's approach is systematic and comprehensive experimentation using a variety of animals and tasks, all within a laboratory setting. When this book first appeared, it set a compelling example, and helped make the study of animal behavior very much an experimental laboratory science.

This landmark study in the investigation of animal intelligence illustrates Thorndike's thinking on the evolution of the mind. It includes his formal statement of the influential law of effect, which had a significant impact on other behaviorists. Hull's law of primary reinforcement was closely related to the law of effect and Skinner acknowledged that the process of operant conditioning was probably that described in the law of effect.

The new introduction by Darryl Bruce is an in-depth study of Thorndike's legacy to comparative psychology as well as a thorough retrospective review of Animal Intelligence. He includes a biographical introduction of the behaviorist and then delves into his theories and work. Among the topics Bruce covers with respect to Thorndike's studies are the nature of animal intelligence, the laws of learning and connectionism, implications for comparative psychology, and relation to theories of other behaviorists. Animal Intelligence is an intriguing analysis that will be of importance to psychologists and animal behaviorists.

Edward L. Thorndike (18741949) had a distinguished career in psychology that spanned more than half a century. Through most of his career, Thorndike was a professor of psychology at Columbia University. He authored more than 500 publications.

Darryl Bruce is professor of psychology at Saint Mary's University, Halifax, Nova Scotia. He is the author of many articles and the co-editor of Autobiographical Memory: Theoretical and Applied Perspective and Eyewitness Memory: Theoretical and Applied Perspectives.

  

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Contents

Animal Intelligence
1
Animal Intell1gence an experimental study of the assoc1ative processes 1n animals
20
Description of Apparatus
29
Experiments with Cats
35
Experiments with Dogs
56
Experiments with Chicks
61
Reasoning or Inference
67
Imitation
76
Attention
144
Social Consciousness
146
Interaction
147
Conclusion
153
The Instinctive Reactions of Young Chicks
156
A Note on the Psychology of Fishes
169
The Mental Life of the Monkeys an Experimental Study
172
Introduction
173

Imitation In Chicks
81
Imitation In Cats
85
Imitation In Dogs
92
The Mental Fact In Associat1on
98
Association by Similarity and the Formation of Concepts
116
Criticism of Previous Theories
125
Delicacy of Associations
128
Complexity of Associations
132
Number of Associations
135
Permanence of Associations
138
Inhibition of Instincts by Habit
142
Apparatus
177
Experiments on the Abilities of the Monkeys to Learn Without Tuition
182
Experiments on the Influence of Tuition
209
Imitation of Human Beings
211
Imitation of Other Monkeys
219
Learning apart from Motor Impulses
222
General Mental Development of the Monkeys
236
Laws and Hypotheses for Behavior Laws of Behavior In General
241
The Evolut1on of the Human Intellect
282
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