Nancy Cartwright: Laws, Capacities and Science : Vortrag und Kolloquium in Münster 1998
Lit Verlag, 1999 - Philosophy - 119 pages
Nancy Cartwright has been a dominant figure in the philosophy of science for more than twenty years. In the early eighties she wrote her influential book "How the Laws of Physics Lie" which was generally perceived to be a challenge to a realistic conception of scientific theories. Over the last decade her focus has shifted to issues concerning what she calls "fundamentalism". This is the position that laws of nature are basic and that other things come from them. Cartwright rejects this story and replaces it by the view that capacities are basic and that laws obtain "on account of the repeated Operation of a system of components with stable capacities in particularly fortunate circumstances". This book focuses mainly on Cartwright's recent work on laws and capacities. It is the outcome of the second series of the Munster lectures in philosophy which took place on May 5-6, 1998. This volume comprises a revised version of Cartwright's evening talk, 12 colloquium papers which Cartwright considered to be "extremely thought provoking", followed by replies Cartwright makes to each of them.
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Where Laws of Nature Come From
Capacities and Laws Two Sides of the Same Coin
Inference to the Most Probable Cause
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abstract laws argue argument ascribing capacities aspirins assumption basic best explanation Birke capacity claims Cartwright 1997 Cartwright and Chang Cartwright forthcoming Cartwright's claim causal claims causal explanation causal laws causal process ceteris paribus Christian Suhm classical components concepts Coulomb's law D-N explanation deductive department of philosophy described Dialectica empiricist EPR-correlations equations exact science example experiment fact factors Freienstein fundamental gravitational happens inference interaction Josef Pieper kind knowledge laws of nature Laws of Physics look Measurement Problem messy and arbitrary metaphysical motion Nancy Cartwright Nature's Capacities Newton's nomological machines objects observed occurrent properties Otto Neurath Oxford particles Philosophy of Science physicist Physics Lie plausible predict premise principles quantum mechanics quantum physics question realist reason regular behavior Rheinwald scientific scientists sense shielding conditions situation stable systematic theory things tidy true simpliciter University of Munster University Press