Handbook of Implicit Cognition and Addiction

Front Cover
Reinout W. Wiers, Alan W. Stacy
SAGE, 2006 - Medical - 550 pages
1 Review
Most research on cognitive processes and drug abuse has focused on theories and methods of explicit cognition, asking people directly to introspect about the causes of their behavior. However, it may be questioned to what extent such methods reflect fundamental aspects of human cognition and motivation. Therefore, basic cognition researchers have started to assess implicit cognitions, defined as "introspectively unidentified (or inaccurately identified) traces of past experience that mediate feeling, thought, or action." Such approaches are less sensitive to self-justification and social desirability and offer other advantages over traditional approaches underscored by explicit cognition.

This handbook is the first to bring together developments in basic research on implicit cognition with recent developments in addiction research, thus providing an opportunity to move the field forward by integrating research from previously independent fields that are relevant for a better understanding of the etiology, prevention, and treatment of addictive behaviors.

  

What people are saying - Write a review

User Review - Flag as inappropriate

Motivational processes underlying implicit cognition in addiction

Contents

An Introduction
1
Definitions General Theoretical Issues
9
The Case of Gambling
29
Reflective and Impulsive Determinants of Addictive Behavior
45
Measuring Manipulating and Modeling the Unconscious
59
Assessment of Implicit Cognition in Addiction Research
73
Reaction Time Measures of SubstanceRelated Associations
91
Expectancy as a Unifying Construct in AlcoholRelated Cognition
105
Acute Effects of Alcohol and Other Drugs on Automatic
293
Implicit Cognitions and Different Addictions
307
The Role of Automatic and Controlled
339
Implicit Cognition and Drugs of Abuse
363
Implicit Cognition in Problem Gambling
379
Implicit Cognition and CrossAddictive Behaviors
393
Applying Implicit Cognitions to Prevention and Treatment
409
Relevance of Research on Experimental Psychopathology to Substance Misuse
425

Individualized Versus General Measures
121
Methods Measures and Findings of Attentional Bias
135
Attention to DrugRelated Cues in Drug Abuse
151
Addiction and Learning in the Brain
167
Reward Craving and Cognitive Processes
185
Abnormal Neural Mechanisms
215
Emotion Motivation Context
251
Emotion and Motive Effects on DrugRelated Cognition
267
Context and Retrieval Effects on Implicit Cognition for Substance Use
281
Adolescent Changes in Implicit Cognitions and Prevention of Substance Abuse
439
Can They Be Used to Prevent and Treat Addiction?
455
Toward a Cognitive Theory of Substance Use and Dependence
473
A Clinical Perspective
489
Name Index
507
Subject Index
521
About the Editors
539
Copyright

Common terms and phrases

References to this book

All Book Search results »

About the author (2006)

Reinout W. Wiers is Research Associate Professor at Maastricht University, The Netherlands.  He received his Masters in Psychonomics (experimental psychology and psychophysiology) at the University of Amsterdam (1992, with honors) and his PhD (1998, with honors) at the University of Amsterdam on cognitive and neuropsychological indicators of enhanced risk for alcoholism.  He has published many articles in international journals on addiction research and in cognitive science.  Dr. Wiers and colleagues were the first to apply the implicit assocation test to alcohol abuse and are currently focusing on theory, assessment and practical applications of implicit drug-related cognitions, with a grant from the Dutch National Science Foundation (N.W.O. Vidi-grant).  He is collaborating with Alan W. Stacy of the University of Southern California in an international project (N.W.O.-Addiction and N.I.D.A.) on implicit cognition and prevention in high-risk youth.

Alan W. Stacy is Director of the University of Southern California (USC) Transdisciplinary Drug Abuse Prevention Research Center, funded by the National Institute on Drug Abuse.  He is also Associate Professor at the USC Department of Preventive Medicine.  He received his Ph.D. in social and personality psychology in 1986 from the University of California, Riverside.  He did postdoctoral work at the University of Washington and at USC.  Dr. Stacy has published over 80 peer-reviewed articles on addiction, focusing on cognitive models of drug use.  He was one of the first investigators to apply implicit cognition approaches to the addiciton area.  His research on implicit cognition was recently acknowledged in the Tenth Special Report to Congress on Alcohol and Health.

Bibliographic information