Athena Unbound: The Advancement of Women in Science and Technology

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Cambridge University Press, Oct 19, 2000 - Business & Economics - 282 pages
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Why are there still so few female scientists? Despite the scientific ethos of universalism and inclusion, women continue to experience real social inequities as they struggle to gain recognition in the scientific community. Based on extensive interviews and backed by quantitative analysis, this compelling work exposes the hidden barriers, subtle exclusions, and unwritten rules that confront women at every juncture along the scientific career path--from childhood to retirement. Through vivid personal accounts the authors offer an illuminating and sobering view of the effects these obstacles have on the personal and professional lives of women. They argue that women can succeed in the scientific workplace by successfully managing "social capital," those networks and relationships scientists rely on for professional support and new ideas. This benchmark volume is vital reading for all scientists and social scientists--both male and female--and for women considering a scientific career.
  

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Contents

Women in science Why so few?
1
The science career pipeline
5
Women and science Athena Bound
15
Gender sex and science
31
Selective access
49
Critical transitions in the graduate and postgraduate career path
69
Womens and mens graduate experience in science
83
The paradox of critical mass for women in science
105
Differences between women in science
147
Social capital and faculty network relationships
157
Negative and positive departmental cultures
179
Initiatives for departmental change
187
International comparisons
203
Athena Unbound Policy for women in science
225
Appendix
251
Bibliography
257

The kula ring of scientific success
115
Womens faculty experience
131
Dual male and female worlds of science
137

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About the author (2000)

Etzkowitz is Associate Professor of Sociology and Director of the Science Policy Institute, State University of New York, Purchase

State University of New York, Purchase

Northwestern University, Evanston, IL

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