Chicano and Chicana Literature: Otra Voz Del Pueblo
The literary culture of the Spanish-speaking Southwest has its origins in a harsh frontier environment marked by episodes of intense cultural conflict, and much of the literature seeks to capture the epic experiences of conquest and settlement. The Chicano literary canon has evolved rapidly over four centuries to become one of the most dynamic, growing, and vital parts of what we know as contemporary U.S. literature. In this comprehensive examination of Chicano and Chicana literature, Charles M. Tatum brings a new and refreshing perspective to the ethnic identity of Mexican Americans. From the earliest sixteenth-century chronicles of the Spanish Period, to the poetry and narrative fiction of the second half of the nineteenth century and the first half of the twentieth century, and then to the flowering of all literary genres in the post–Chicano Movement years, Chicano/a literature amply reflects the hopes and aspirations as well as the frustrations and disillusionments of an often marginalized population. Exploring the work of Rudolfo Anaya, Sandra Cisneros, Luis Alberto Urrea, and many more, Tatum examines the important social, historical, and cultural contexts in which the writing evolved, paying special attention to the Chicano Movement and the flourishing of literary texts during the 1960s and early 1970s. Chapters provide an overview of the most important theoretical and critical approaches employed by scholars over the past forty years and survey the major trends and themes in contemporary autobiography, memoir, fiction, and poetry. The most complete and up-to-date introduction to Chicana/o literature available, this book will be an ideal reference for scholars of Hispanic and American literature. Discussion questions and suggested reading included at the end of each chapter are especially suited for classroom use.
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List of Illustrations ix
B Approaches to the Interpretation of Chicanao Literature
B The Origins and Evolution of Chicanao Literature
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activists Alberto Alvaro Rios Alicia Gaspar Alurista Americo Paredes Anaya Angeles Anglo Arizona Arte Publico Press aspects autobiography Award Aztldn Baca barrio began Bilingual book of poetry California cana/o Candelaria century chapter Chavez Chicana feminist Chicana/o culture Chicana/o literary Chicana/o literature Chicana/o narrative fiction Chicana/o playwrights Chicana/o poetry Chicana/o scholars Chicana/o writers Chicano Movement Cisneros collection contemporary Chicana/o corrido cultural studies Denise Chavez discussed dominant ethnic example experience feminist figure focuses Gary Soto Gaspar de Alba Helena Maria Viramontes Hinojosa Hispanic Juan language lesbian literary texts lives Luis Luis Valdez Maria Mexican Americans migrant Moraga narrator oral histories Paredes Paso play poems poets political published racism readers Rebolledo Rios Rodriguez Rolando Hinojosa role Saldfvar Sanchez Sandra Cisneros sexual short story social Southwest Spanish struggle Teatro Campesino Texas Tey Diana themes theory tion traditional U.S.-Mexico border U.S.—Mexico border United University urban Vietnam woman women young