Political Representation of Muslims in India: 1952-2004
The Indian freedom movement since 1920s showed awareness of the need of special measures to ensure due representation to religious minorities and Scheduled Castes and Tribes (SC & ST) in legislatures. In keeping with this consociational-affirmative model, the framers of the Constitution provided for population based quota of seats for minorities and SC& ST under joint electorate, in August 1947. However, lingering apprehensions about such provisions for religious minorities, caused by the Partition led to their scrapping in May 1949. While dispensing with the special provision for minorities, Nehru and Patel, among others, gave firm assurance to them, especially to Muslims, that even without Constitutional safeguard the majority community would not only be fair but generous of them, ensuring their due representation in legislatures.
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Lok Sabha Elections and the Muslims
Muslim Representation in State Assemblies
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