This book, intended primarily as a comprehensive textbook of human physiology for medical students has been thoroughly revised. So that recent findings could be included in a volume of manageable size, the subject matter has been reorganized and partially condensed. General aspects of cell physiology and intercellular communication are now presented in one introductory section, making room for separate chapters on nociception and pain, sexual functions, reproduction and pregnancy, and aging. There are new chapters by authors who have not contributed to previous editions (the chapters on general sensory physiology, endocrinology, gastrointestinal functions, the kidneys, and water and electrolyte balance), and some of the earlier contributors have taken on new responsibilities corresponding to their present scientific interests. The emphasis on pathophysiological aspects has been retained, so that the student is provided with a link to clinical medicine. Many of the illustrations have been replaced or redrawn, to ensure a clear presentation of even the most complex relationships. As a compilation of current knowledge by 23 eminent authorities, with an extensive index, the book will also be a useful reference for clinical physicians and for scientists in fields such as pharmacology, biochemistry, zoology, physiology, and biology.
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Information Transfer by Electrical Excitation J Dudel
Transmission of Excitation from Cell to Cell J Dudel
Motor and Integrative Functions of the Nervous
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acids action potential activity afferent arterial autonomic axons behavior blood flow body brain brainstem Ca2+ capillaries cardiac causes cells cerebral cortex changes channel concentration contraction cortex cortical curve decrease depolarization diagram diffusion effect electrode elicited erythrocytes example excitation excitatory extracellular factors fluid frequency function glucose heart hemoglobin hormone human hypothalamus increase inhibition inhibitory innervation intensity ions limbic system lung measured mechanisms membrane potential metabolic molecules motoneurons motor movement muscle spindles musculature myocardium myosin nerve fibers nervous system neurons nociceptors normal nucleus O2 partial pressure organs oxygen pain partial pressure perfusion peripheral Physiol Physiology plasma produced protein pulmonary receptive fields receptors reflex region release respiratory response result retina sensation sensory signal skin sleep spinal cord stimulus structures substances sympathetic synapses systole temperature thalamus threshold tion tissue transmitter vascular vasoconstriction velocity venous ventricle vessels visual volume