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Chapter 1 A BRIEF HISTORY OF IDEAS ABOUT
Chapter 2 EVOLUTION
15 other sections not shown
abductor action potential adduction airflow airway amplitude anatomical Ardran and Kemp aryepiglottic folds arytenoid cartilages axis bolus chest closed corniculate cough cricoarytenoid joint cricoid cartilage cricoid facet cricothyroid joint cricothyroid muscle cuneiform cartilages Czermak descent diagram downward effort closure electrical activity electromyograms elongation epiglottic cartilage epiglottis eupneic excursion expiration Faaborg-Andersen falsetto Fink force frequency function Galen glottal glottic resistance glottis human larynx hyoid bone increase intrinsic muscles Kotby and Haugen lamina laryngeal muscles laryngoscopy larynx Leden length lung volume mechanical coupling hypothesis medially movements muscular Negus noid observed opening permission phonation phonatory phylogenetic pitch posterior cricoarytenoid muscle posture preepiglottic body Pressman primates recoil reflex reopening respiration respiratory rima glottidis rotation sliding sphincter Stanescu sternothyroid subglottic pressure swallowing tension thyroarytenoid thyrohyoid thyroid cartilage tion tissue tone trachea transverse tubercle upward ventricle vertical vestibular folds vestibule vibration vocal cords vocal folds vocal ligament vocal muscle vocal processes voice X-ray